Tag Archives: Carnegie Endowment

Japan’s Northeast Asia Policy under Shinzo Abe

I attended an event at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace on Wednesday February 11th, 2015. During this event, a professor on the Faculty of Policy Studies at Chuo University, Yasuhiro Izumikawa, lectured about the framework of Abe’s Security Policy. The main problem is that the gradual status decline of Japan in the world. The policies under Abe enhanced the alliance between the United States and Japan, as well as deepen the cooperation with other states like Australia, ASEAN, India, and NATO. His policies have been largely successful but not as much in the Northeast Asia.
Professor Izumikawa mainly focused his lecture about Japan’s relation with three countries: Russia, Korea and China. In 2013, Russia wanted to move forward and resolve territorial issues with Japan; the four islands still in dispute are the Habomais, Shikotan, Kunashiri, and Etorofu. Russia promised in 1956 to return Habomasi and Shikotan when a peace treaty is signed, but Japan wanted all four islands back. Still today, no treaty has been signed to return those islands back to Japan. The longer Japan waits to sign the peace treaty and accept those two islands,  the weaker their position will become. Other countries are increasing their business development in these disputer territories.
Japan also faces problems with maintaining a diplomatic relationship with Korea; the problem lies in North Korea’s BCN weapons, missile threats, and the so-called “Abductees’ Issues.” Security cooperation is necessary with the Republic of Korea in order to resolve these issues. Japan is also reluctant to move forward to resolve history with Korea because of the public opinion of South Korea from Japanese citizens. The policy of the current president of Korea is very anti-Japan, so Japanese views of Korea has declined.
Professor Izumikawa also states Japan is in no hurry to improve relations with China because of possible change in China’s Japan policy as well as the lack of domestic pressure to improve relations with China. There is also little pressure from business lobbies and heightened anti-Chinese sentiments. While the U.S. and Japan share common goals with their relations with China, there is a disconnect in priorities which may cause some difficulties that should be managed properly.
After Professor Izumikawa’s 30 minute lecture, Joseph Ferguson and James L. Schoff spoke about Japan and its relations with the U.S. and Korea. I was able to use my knowledge from class to further understand this lecture on Japan’s foreign policies.
This event was helpful for my understanding because it was outside of the regular classroom setting and because it slightly touched on upon the history of Japan.

New EU Ambassador David O’Sullivan’s Perspective

On Wednesday December 10, 2014, I attended an event at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace that helped me gain insight on the role of the European Union. In the event David O’Sullivan was the guest speaker giving his perspective on European and U.S. relations. David O’Sullivan just recently became the EU Ambassador in November. At the start of the event O’Sullivan introduced his self and spoke about his previous jobs. For instance, he mentioned that one of his first jobs in relations was with Comi-con. When asked what he thought his key role as the new EU ambassador he said that his key role was to continue the work of previous EU ambassadors. O’Sullivan also spoke about the role of the EU. He stated that the EU is the largest trading partner in the world and strives to increase foreign policy and a security actor. The ambassador also noted that the EU provides the largest amount of funds for peace keeping operations in Africa. He then went on to speak about open trade and relations with the US and the EU. According to O’Sullivan, open trade can help improve the economic situation but it is a not a solution in itself. He stated that the EU is the only country that allows open markets with developing countries. O’Sullivan argued that trade is beneficial to everyone that’s involved in it. He stated that the EU is currently in the process of negotiating with the US. From the ambassadors viewpoint the cooperation of the EU and the US will help encourage the cooperation of other countries. O’Sullivan feels that the cooperation between the US and the EU is very important in the 21st century because they share many of the same values and for security reasons. He then went on to say that the EU and the US’s relationship was like the relationship of best friends. In addition to his discussion of the EU and the US’s relationship O’Sullivan went on to discuss Russia. He pointed out that it was harder and more costly for the EU to make sanctions against Russia but they did because they want to help solve the problem. In sum, I enjoyed this event because I was able to use my knowledge from my world politics class to understand and gain insight on the EU and what’s going on in the world.

Senator John McCain on reinforcing U.S.-India Relations

On the morning of September 9th, 2014 two of my international friends and I went in an adventure to see one of my personal favorites Senator John McCain. It was a regular morning in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace when I walked in, signed my name and then went up in the elevator to the 1st floor where refreshments were served. We all remember Senator McCain for running for President of the United States in 2008 agains Barack Obama, our current President. McCain is currently the senior Senator from Arizona since 1987. On that beautiful September day, McCain talked about many ways the U.S. can reinforce relations between the United States and India. He mainly focused on opening a global economy that will favor both countries. India is soon to be the most populous country in the world with that they have the largest skilled workforce that will help India become one of the top economies in the world. McCain then said that the U.S. and India have many things in common such as “the values of human rights, individual liberty, and democratic limits on state power, but also the values of our societies – creativity and critical thinking, risk-taking and entrepreneurialism, tolerance and social mobility.” He ended his speech by saying that both countries are the larges economies in the world and together there is nothing they can’t accomplish together.

Senator John McCain on U.S. relations with India

attended an event on Tuesday, September 09, 2014, in the think tank at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where Senator John McCain was the guest speaker. There was a small stage with two chairs one for the Senator and one for the moderator Mr. Ashley Tellis who is the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s senior associate specializing in security, defense and Asian strategic issues. The setting of the room was very intimate with it being a small room with two chairs at the front for McCain and Tellis and a simple podium. The event was open to the public as well as the press.

McCain was there to talk about the importance of strengthening the United States’ relationship with India. He talked about having a relationship that is not transactional, like it is now, but a more personal and mutually beneficial relationship for both countries. Throughout the Senator’s speech, he emphasized creating a rules based international order. McCain believes that in order to strengthen our relationship America should be India’s preferred partner for economic growth, in terms of trade and investment, as well as their number one supplier of energy. In order to secure this positive relationship, McCain said that Asia, the Middle East, East Asia, and the Pacific need to be stable and willing to work with our two countries. The Senator emphasized the upcoming meeting between President Barack Obama and India’s Prime Minister Modi as a stepping stone to building a strong, positive relationship. He said that Americans need to have faith in India and their assets and Indian citizens need to have faith in America that we will help them to grow as a country. This should be easier to meet on common ground because we share democratic values and have bipartisan support from both countries, according to John McCain.

McCain opened up the floor to questions after talking for thirty minutes. Many questions were aimed at our relationship with other countries such as China. Those who asked questions were from embassies, students, as well as other press agencies.