Annotated Sources due October 16th & 23rd

Annotated Sources (Bibliography)

Type written in Microsoft Word and copied and pasted as a comment to this post. (Save your Word document)

Due October 16th:of the 13 cited and annotated sources listed below (To review your progress)
At the top of your post include your inquiry question

Due October 23rd: Remaining 7 cited and annotated sources listed below (Final Annotated Bibliography due)
At the top of your post include your inquiry question

Required sources with annotation

3-5 Sentences for each of your cited 13 sources describing how each source helps to answer your inquiry question –  How to Cite Sources 

  1. 1st Person Account (i.e. Letters, Diaries, Speeches)
    • 3 Sources of this kind is needed
  2. Case Studies/Examples
    • 3 Sources of this kind is needed
  3. Academic Journals (i.e. Google Scholar)
    • 3 Sources of this kind is needed (each from a different journal)
  4. Experts
    • 2 Sources of this kind is needed
  5. Historical (i.e. Archives, Books)
    • 2 Sources of this kind is needed

HELPFUL RESOURCES:

Marymount Library Guides (Articles and Databases)

Google Scholar

Online Journal Search

MU Research Help

Citing Sources 

Library & Learning Services

 

21 Comments on “Annotated Sources due October 16th & 23rd

  1. Dustin Thomas Lund

    Inquiry Project Annotation and Citation:

    Question: How do you take better photos?

    Sources:

    This source is a video by Nigel Danson telling us seven base or simple tips to improve our photography quick and easy. He goes over many important things through the eighteen minute video talking directly to his audience. Some notable things we hear is to use aperture priority mode, understand your histogram, focus efficiency and simplify your image.
    Nigel Danson. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAk_xhs0Rcw. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

    This source is a ted talk or speech by a woman by the name of Flore Zoé that goes into depth about how photography is art. She shows how you can improve photos by labeling them as artwork and treating them like this as well. She explains what makes art photography in her speech discussing multiple important topics to help your success in the field.
    Flore Zoé. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6j8QVfNwZf8. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

    This source is a personal website by Gary Arndt with over a hundred thousand followers that includes his blog, twitter, books and more. I focused on his personal blog that shows many pictures of the ten years he has been traveling. He has many tips, tricks and insight to taking good pictures that really capture a situation, view and more.
    Gary Arndt. Youtube. https://everything-everywhere.com/. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

    This source is a case study by Nasim Mansurov that is very helpful for reasons why you take pictures in certain fashion. It goes into depth on each detail of the picture and why these details came about. He explains his set up, angles, lighting, focus, zoom and more. He shows why each picture was taken the way it was, this could be to bring emphasis to certain areas or other reasons.
    Nasim Mansurov. Case Study. Bird Photography. https://photographylife.com/
    Photography-case-studies. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

    This source is another case study by Nasim Mansurov again, he goes into depth on different setups he uses for his quality. He goes over what should be avoided and what you should embrace. He shows the modes he uses as well as tips for focus and rules that apply to all photos when looking for great quality or even specific quality. There are multiple examples that help you draw conclusions to many questions you would have surrounding how to take better pictures.
    Nasim Mansurov. Case Study. Image Quality https://photographylife.com/
    photography-case-studies/4. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

    This source is the third and final case study, this relates to night time photography. We see in this study he explains many tips involved with specific topics on picture taking at night such as sharpness, lighting and more. He once again goes into detail on his camera set up and why each component of that set up matters. He has an example of the memorial that helps with zoom at night, showing all steps, tips and tricks to take photos just like his example.
    Nasim Mansurov. Case Study. Exposure at Night. https://photographylife.com/
    photography-case-studies/7. Visited by Dustin Lund on Oct 16 2019.

  2. Case study

    A case study was done to look at different methods of how to perceive nature while traveling alongside roads, trails, of rivers. The main focus of this study was on how to photograph rivers. The study evaluates how to present subjects with representations.
    Scenic beauty of river views in the Grand Canyon: relating perceptual judgments to locations.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204603001154

    Book

    This book is a basic guideline on how to start taking photographs. This book is beginner-friendly so anyone can follow it. The book will tell you “which features are essential, desirable, and optional on a digital camera”. You will also learn how to “Use automatic controls for better results Download images to print or upload to the Web improve your digital images with a variety of software
    Create digital files from old photos”

    Elizabeth T. Schoch, The Everything Digital Photography Book: How to Take Great Pictures, Send Them to Your Friends, and Post Them on the Web. Adams Media Corporation ©2001.

    This book is a guide to 201 famous “majestic” landscapes. This book also includes some lesser-known landscapes thats also a beautiful place to capture photos. When reading this book, you’ll find how, when, and where to photograph to capture the most breathtaking photos. This will answer my question by saying where exactly I can go to take beautiful scenic photos.

    Tom Till, Photographing the World: A Guide to Photographing 201 of the Most Beautiful Places on Earth, October 10, 2012

    Expert

    The article “The Biggest Dangers Photographers Face”, it was described all the dangers photographers can face while taking pictures. It is important for all photographs to know these risks before they set out for work. The article says the dangers can be anywhere from thief or even death.

    The Biggest Dangers Photographers Face. https://fstoppers.com/education/biggest-dangers-photographers-face-299728

    This article describes how to take beautiful landscape photos. They give useful advice on how to set up your camera in order to get extraordinary angles. They also talk about shutter speed and how to use it. This could answer my question because this tells exactly how to take nice pictures.

    How to Take Great Landscape Photos. https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/how-to-take-great-landscape-photos.html

    This website provides many different places to take beautiful pictures. The article goes in-depth as to where these places are located. There are also examples of how beautiful the pictures can look.

    15 Dream Locations in the U.S. for Landscape Photographers. https://loadedlandscapes.com/iconic-photo-destinations/

  3. Are there health benefits for going outdoors?
    Pearson, David G, and Tony Craig. “The Great Outdoors? Exploring the Mental Health Benefits of Natural Environments.” Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers Media S.A., 21 Oct. 2014, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4204431/.
    David Pearson and Tony Craig talk about how natural environments can cause mental health benefits. They discuss how there are lower levels of depression and stress as a result of going outside. Also, they talk about how people who live in greener urban areas have more health benefits. They focus on the factors of one’s living environment and how it affects their health.

    Maas, Jolanda, et al. “Green Space, Urbanity, and Health: How Strong Is the Relation?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, BMJ Group, July 2006,
    The contributors discuss how people experience of nature and the outdoor environment allows them to rest and recover from the stress they endured that day. They say that there is a need for going outdoors more because it is a source of relaxation and recreation. They focus on whether being outside really benefits one’s health through studies and experiences.

    Williams, Florence. The Nature Fix: Why Nature Makes Us Happier, Healthier, and More Creative. W.W. Norton & Company, 2018.
    The Nature Fix talks about Florence Williams own experience and modern research on the benefits of going outdoors. She talks about how the outdoors overall makes people feel better and scientific detail on the subject. Williams uses her own experiences and evidence to display the perks of going outdoors throughout her book.

    Loria, Kevin. “Being Outside Can Improve Memory, Fight Depression, and Lower Blood Pressure – Here Are 12 Science-Backed Reasons to Spend More Time Outdoors.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 22 Apr. 2018, https://www.businessinsider.com/why-spending-more-time-outside-is-healthy-2017-7.
    This article gave examples on how being outdoors can have benefits. Specifically, the article discusses a journalist Florence Williams, who talks about her own experience of investigating whether the outdoors has benefits. She explains how she was “disoriented, overwhelmed, depressed” when she wasing going outside. This is an example of how not going outside can affect ones mental health.

    Friedman, Lauren F. “11 Scientifically Proven Reasons You Should Go Outside.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 9 Apr. 2014, https://www.businessinsider.com/11-reasons-you-should-go-outside-2014-4.
    In this article, reasons why you should go outside are discussed and exemplified through case studies. In particular, the article talks about how going outside can release stress, restore mental

  4. Inquiry Project Annotations and Citations
    Elissa Munsterman

    Question: How to take better photos?

    Sources:
    (1st Person Account)
    This first person video enunciates the tips and ways on how someone can take better pictures. For example, this video talks about finding patterns, angles, light, finding contrast between the subject and background, and using natural line to lead the eye into the picture.
    SteveMcCurry. Youtube.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ZVyNjKSr0M&feature=youtu.be visited by me on (October 16th, 2019).

    This speech informs the audience on how to take great photos- even on your cell phone. A Ted talk speaker, Emily Pidgeon, talks about how it doesn’t matter about having a good camera, she believes that good photography comes from good photographers that think creatively and makes the most of what they have. Some tips she shared was to 1. Move around, get pictures from different positions 2. Think before you shoot, capture the world as you see it and share your unique perspectives with others and 3. Take lots of photos, it will give you lots of options to find which one looks perfect for you. Which one makes you feel with great emotion.
    How to take great photos- even with your cell phone.TedBlog. https://blog.ted.com/how-to-take-great-photos-even-on-your-cell-phone/
    (Accessed October.16th, 2019).

    In this digital trend speech, Gannon Burgett, shares some tips and tricks on how to take the best photos. Some of the tips that Gannon shares is that in order to take better quality photos, you need to avoid using flash because the flash can produce unwanted artifacts like glowing eyes or overly lit skin. Keeping the lens clean is a big tip that goes most unnoticed, dirty lens can result your pictures to become cloudy as the oils and dirt diffuse the light as it enters your lens.
    How to Take Good Photos With Your Phone.Digital Trends.https://www.digitaltrends.com/photography/how-to-take-good-photos-with-your-phone/ (Accessed October 16th, 2019).

    (Case Studies/ Examples)

    In this Case study, Nisim Mansurov, gives advice on how to perfect other people’s photos around the world that need help fixing. For an example, Nisim provides feedback to Steven Ross because Stephen was wondering why his pictures did not come out sharpened. Furthermore, Nisim’s analysis was that Stephen wasn’t staying still when taking the picture so he suggested for stephen to buy a tripod.
    Photography Life. Photography Case Studies. https://photographylife.com/photography-case-studies/5 (Accessed October 16th, 2019).

    This study case, Widen Marketing addresses 16 tips on how to improve your photos. One is too keep backgrounds simple, it really focuses on the subject. Another is remembering to tap your phone screen to keep your images sharp, bright, balanced and proportioned. Lastly, editing is better than putting filters on your pictures. Filters make your images washed out and looks unrealistic.
    16 tips to take better marketing photos with your smartphone camera.Widen. https://www.widen.com/blog/16-tips-to-take-better-marketing-photos-with-your-smartphone-camera(Accessed October 16th, 2019).

    In Wabisabi learning study, Lindsay Kolowich, gives advice on how to take good photos with your phone. The easiest way to improve your photos is to turn on gridlines to line up your shot. Embrace negative spaces, being simple will make your pictures pop. Lindsay also gives some advice on how to take pictures with different perspectives, she has a link below to help others find different angles to take pictures.
    How to Take Good Pictures With Your Phone: 17 Tips and Tricks To Try. Wabisabi learning. https://www.wabisabilearning.com/blog/pictures-phone-17-tips-tricks(Accessed October 16th, 2019).

  5. Brigithe Urgilez – Annotated Bibliography Due Oct. 17

    How to get impressive scenic view photos?
    
This source shows two different techniques on how to improve the quality of the camera. While you are taking the photo, you can wrap torn plastic around the edge of the camera to create blurred edges. The intention of using this method is that the middle of the image remains well-focused, while the edges become foggy. The second method will unfocus the background of the element and will highlight the main object or view of the landscape.

    Amiria GaleAmiria. (2018, November 29). 100 Creative Photography Ideas: Techniques, Compositions & Mixed Media Approaches. Retrieved from https://www.studentartguide.com/articles/creative-photography-ideas.

    This source helped me to answer my question because it taught me that landscapes photography has to be taken in the very early morning at sunrise or in the evening at sunset. Finding a unique perspective with an excellent brightness or darkness is another technique that has to be used to get an impressive photo.

    Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., AuthorJim Harmer Facebook Twitter Google, … Google. (n.d.). 13 Ways to Make Your Photos Look Professional. Retrieved from https://improvephotography.com/35020/how-to-make-a-photo-look-professional/.

    This source points out how a night photo brings up life, and how I can acquire a good scenic view during the night. For having high-quality night photography, I will need a super-slow shutter speed and a tripod or stable surface to steady the camera. With one of these tools, I can shoot directly to the scenic view or object.

    Harman, C., & Christina. (2019, July 29). 20 Amazing Photography Tips and Techniques. Retrieved from https://contrastly.com/amazing-photography-techniques/.
     
    The photojournalist Robert Capa narrates about good photography. The examples that he uses helps me realize that if I feel that my photo is not good enough, it is because I’m not close enough. To fix this, I have to take a step or two closer to the subject and fill the frame with the subject and see how much better it will look without wasted space. I can apply this advice in my photos so I can get an impressive picture.
    


    40 Tips to Take Better Photos. (2014, January 25). Retrieved from https://petapixel.com/2014/01/24/40-tips-take-better-photos/.

    This source gives an example of the use of leading lines in photos and draws the viewer’s eye toward a specific part of the frame. The lines can be straight or circular. This technique creates a sense of depth in the image and makes the photo look purposefully designed. Following this example will enhance people’s attention to my pictures.

    Kolowich, L. (n.d.). Phone Photography 101: How to Take Good Pictures With Your Mobile Device. Retrieved from https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/good-pictures-phone-tips.

    The lesson from the photographer Eirik Johnson about something ”ugly” can still make an exciting photograph helped me answer my question because most of my photos are taken in places with insects and a bunch of plants. So, he taught me that I can still capture a beautiful image despite the dirty, ruined, or decrepit location.

    Photolemur. (n.d.). 5 Fantastic Photography Tips from Famous Photographers Around the World. Retrieved from https://photolemur.com/blog/5-photography-tips-from-famous-photographers.

  6. Elissa Munsterman- The 7 remaining cited and annotated sources
    (Academic Journals)

    In this journal, Colby Brown knows that not everyone has an iphone so she talks about some tips and tricks on how to take some great quality photos on an android. Colby discusses how there are many built in apps on the android that can help improve your photography skills. One of the apps has many options on what you want to do like a panorama, still camera so it doesn’t have your pictures blurry, a movie to create many memories on your wildlife adventures and a shutter button which can create more photos more in depth and clear.
    Brown, Colby.Android Photography: Peachpit Press, 2013 https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zf6ol7f_X2QC&oi=fnd&pg=PT5&dq=how+to+take+better+pictures+on+your+phone&ots=5bHeqs8QNa&sig=JAkSNFPu9hE-adQ9IYUtYWdjbHY#v=onepage&q&f=false

    This journal by Rob Sheppard emphasis many ways on how to make your photos better just by doing the littlest things. Did you know when you visit a place to take pictures that you like, each time you visit that place your pictures will improve each time because you will know the best times and subjects for photos. In addition every day is a good day to take pictures, no matter if its bad weather. Bad weather offers great photographic opportunities by providing you with dramatic clouds, rain and snow which will create emotion and characteristics to your photos. Sheppard, Rob. Digital Photography: Inc Indianapolis, Indiana, 2010. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=3M0CZb4dFSgC&oi=fnd&pg=PT4&dq=tips+and+tricks+on+taking+better+pictures&ots=23zKfo_-3J&sig=xz6Kp-guJ1Z3AXfp6uTfS5eZHpo#v=onepage&q=tips%20and%20tricks%20on%20taking%20better%20pictures&f=false

    Vishal Gaikar informs us on how to take pictures like a pro since social media has taken over on almost every aspect of our daily lives. No matter what phone you have, you can make any small changes and still have your pictures come out the best. Before taking any pictures, play around with your camera, tap on the screen, adjust the lighting, move around to different points and/ or don’t be shy to get an up close picture of an object.
    Gaikar, Vishal. Taking Photographs Like A Pro With Your Smartphone: Tricks Machine, 2013. https://www.tricksmachine.com/2013/01/taking-photographs-like-a-pro-smartphone.html

    (Experts)

    What would be better than to hear tips and tricks on photography from an expert. Buying a tripod helps immensely on taking sturdy clear photos, especially if you want to have the full landscape view. In addition, if someone is really having trouble with taking better pictures, some are now buying the SANDMARC iPhones lens which are these lens that capture higher-quality photos.
    iPhone Photography Tips Straight From the Experts.PhotographyTalk. https://www.photographytalk.com/beginner-photography-tips/8388-iphone-photography-tips-straight-from-the-experts(Accessed October 18th, 2019).

    National geographic has great tips and advice for pro photo taking. In their website, national geographic posts many photos on taking great lighting, zooming in on close objects, some simple photos, reflection, finding soft lighting amd looking for abstract shots. For example, they will show a great picture of a piece of lettuce up close, giving feedback when taking an up close photo to try to avoid using digital zoom box. Greater the zoom, the more the camera will shake due to the lack of sharpness. In addition, talks about to not even try taking pictures of high speed action or sports because let’s face it, camera phones are not designed to compete with High end DSLR cameras.
    Tips For Better iPhone Photography.National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photo-tips/iphone-photography-tips/(Accessed October 18th, 2019).

    (Historical)

    “The art of iPhone photography”One of the most, if not it’s THE most popular book about iPhone photography. This book provides readers step by step presentations and techniques, containing abstract, street photography, portraits, landscape, architecture and way more.
    Bob Weil and Nicki Fitz-Gerald.The Art Of iphone photography.iPhone Photography School.https://iphonephotographyschool.com/best-photography-books/(Accessed October 20th, 2019).

    “60 Tips for creative iPhone photography” by Martina Holmberg covers everything from editing to shooting pictures. She will take your ordinary shots into artistic images. Not only give advice on how to make your editing better but it also talks about some helpful apps you can download to make your pictures very professional.
    Martina Holmberg.Sixty Tips For Creative iPhone Photography.iPhone Photography School.https://iphonephotographyschool.com/best-photography-books/(Accessed October 20th, 2019).

  7. Samantha Scicchitano
    Annotation and Citations

    Where is the best places to hike?
    A Beginner’s Guide to Hiking: Everything You Need For Your First Hike!.https://www.nerdfitness.com/blog/hiking/ (Accessed October 16th 2019).
    This website shows the different types of ways to get yourself ready to go outdoors. It talks about how to find the best hiking trails near you and also what you should bring with you. There is a first person video that helps explain tips and other key notes about hiking.

    Hiking In Virginia. Virginia Is For Lovers. https://www.virginia.org/hiking/ (Accessed October 16th 2019).
    This interactive website shows all different types of hiking trails in Virginia. A video is shown at the bottom of the page that gives the names and talks about the top trails in Virginia. This website lets people know all of the favorite hikes from Facebook and Twitter polls This website also really helps you on how to pick the best hiking park due to what is said about each one.

    15 Best Hikes Near Washington DC for All Levels. Jet Farer. https://jetfarer.com/hiking-near-washington-dc/ (Accessed October 16th 2019).
    This website first goes in about how to first get to the hiking location, it talks about how useful the metro is and how you can take advantage of it to get to you destination. Then it goes into what exactly to bring on your hike and the essential items. Down further on the page it gives the top hiking location around Washington DC. It provides helpful videos and pictures of what the locations look like.

    How to Choose the Right Hiking Trail. Coolhikinggear.com. https://coolhikinggear.com/how -to-choose-the-right-hiking-trail (Accessed October 16th 2019).
    While reading this article it provides tips and help on how to choose the perfect hiking trail. It talks about Location, if you want to go near or far from your home and want views you want to see. Next it starts to talk about trail difficulty and teaches about how there are different difficulty levels. It goes on to talk about other tips and how to get the best out of each hike.

    Hiking Resources. American Hiking Society. https://americanhiking.org/hiking- resources /#hikes-near-you. (Accessed October 16th 2019).
    This interactive website lets you put in your location and find the best hikes near you. It shows the best featured hikes. It lists all the proper gear you should bring on your hike. It goes into safety and first aid for hiking and all that you should know.

    How To Choose The Right Hiking Trail. Cloudline. https://www.cloudlineapparel.com/blogs /cloudline/how-to-choose-the-best-hiking-trails. (Accessed October 16th 2019)
    This website talks all about Hiking trails. It talks about how there are apps and websites that find trails no matter where you live. It goes on about what exactly to look for in a trail. It goes into detail about hiking vocabulary and all the different types of trails.

  8. Bezawit Mehari
    Inquiry question: What are the benefits we get for going outdoors?

    The source is a case of study by scientists, explaining 11 benefits of being outdoors such as being outdoors boost your energy, outdoors is good for our vision, the natural sunlight helps mitigate pain, outdoors boosts your immune system,
    outdoors provide us with free aromatherapy, outdoors enhances creativity, outdoors help us with seasonal affective disorder, being outdoors gives us your daily dose of vitamin D, being outdoors restores our focus, being outdoors makes us better people ( according to psychologists, exposure to nature helps us shrug off societal pressures, allowing us to remember and value more important things like relationships, sharing, and community.)

    11 scientific benefits of being outdoors. http://mentalfloss.com/article/70548/11-scientific-benefits-being-outdoors.

    The source is a letter from the Harvard medical school, according to the letter spending time outdoors is good for us. Throughout the letter, different reasons are mentioned why outdoors is great for us. The first reason is that our vitamins D levels rise ( the sunlight is hitting our skin, the skin begins a process that leads to the creation and activation of vitamin D. Studies suggest that this vitamin helps fight certain conditions, from osteoporosis and cancer to depression and heart attacks). The second reason will be that we will get more exercise, especially people the same age as us (18-19 years old).The light tends to elevate our mood ( physical activity has been shown to relax and cheer up, so if being outside replaces inactive pursuits with active ones, it might also mean more smiles and laughter. Our level of concentration will definitely improve ( researchers have in fact, reported that children with ADHD seem to focus better after being outdoors).

    Spending time outdoors is good for you, from the Harvard Health Letter. https://www.health.harvard.edu/press_releases/spending-time-outdoors-is-good-for-you. July 2010.

    The source is a book called “The Nature Fix”. In this book, Florence Williams explain why nature make us happier, healthier, and more creative. The Nature Fix demonstrates that our connection to nature is much more important to our cognition than we think and that even small amounts of exposure to the living world can enhance our mood and improve our creativity. Williams shows how time in nature is not luxury but is in fact essential to our humanity. As our modern lives shift dramatically indoors, the developments of human characteristics are disrupted.

    The Nature Fix: Why Nature make us happier, healthier, and more creative. https://www.amazon.com/Nature-Fix-Happier-Healthier-Creative/dp/0393242714. Published in February 7, 2017.

    The source is case of study by Dannielle Cohen, explaining Why kids Need to Spend Time in Nature. Kids spending time too much time indoors has become so extreme that the crisis has a name: ” Nature deficient disorder”. Recent studies claim when spending outdoors, it has to be a ” green” environment- one with trees and leaves. Most studies agree that Kids who play outside are smarter, happier, more attentive, and less anxious than kids who spend more time indoors. Being outdoors builds confidence according to this study, kids that plays in nature has a lot less structure than most type of indoor play. It also provides different stimulation, it activates more senses such as you can hear, smell, and touch outdoor environment. Nature makes kids think, the phenomena that occur naturally make kids ask questions about the earth and the life it supports.

    Why Kids Need to spend more time in Nature. https://www.google.com/amp/s/childmind.org/article/why-kids-need-to-spend-time-in-nature/amp/.

    The source is a video, an interview with Kristina Towill, a psychologist in the community. According to her, children are spending less time outdoors because of numerous factors such as changes in our social culture structures and also the influence of social media prevent them from going out. She thinks that parents are facing a challenge in this modern time because their children are spending more time indoors. She thinks that if kids spend more time indoors, it’s gone be hard for their optimal development. Bing outdoors is critical to children brain development. Children have to spend more time outside in order to learn. There are important social and emotional benefits for being outdoors.

    The importance of outdoor play. https://youtu.be/BmsTlID7DRM.

    The source is a ted talk or a speech by a boy called Brody Gray, he is presenting his project for his classmates. His main point of this ted talk, is to show that outdoor Play is important. He is saying that one of the best places to learn, a very safe environment and has a clean air is where there is a good lighting which is outside. Being outdoors can give a better academic performance for students. Brody Gray share his personal experience throughout his speech. He has his own language with his friend when they are outside, him and his friend pretended to be in another planet. He also thinks that when it comes to brain development, time in the classroom is less important than time in the playground. Outdoor children tend to do better in grades especially math. According to him, outside we create, we innovate, we cooperate, and we decide what we do. He recommended to do our HomeWorks outside instead doing it inside.

    Play is important. https://youtu.be/UqJ6f-cddbk.

  9. Are there health benefits for going outdoors?
    Pearson, David G, and Tony Craig. “The Great Outdoors? Exploring the Mental Health Benefits of Natural Environments.” Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers Media S.A., 21 Oct. 2014, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4204431/.
    David Pearson and Tony Craig talk about how natural environments can cause mental health benefits. They discuss how there are lower levels of depression and stress as a result of going outside. Also, they talk about how people who live in greener urban areas have more health benefits. They focus on the factors of one’s living environment and how it affects their health.

    Maas, Jolanda, et al. “Green Space, Urbanity, and Health: How Strong Is the Relation?” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, BMJ Group, July 2006,
    The contributors discuss how people experience of nature and the outdoor environment allows them to rest and recover from the stress they endured that day. They say that there is a need for going outdoors more because it is a source of relaxation and recreation. They focus on whether being outside really benefits one’s health through studies and experiences.

    Williams, Florence. The Nature Fix: Why Nature Makes Us Happier, Healthier, and More Creative. W.W. Norton & Company, 2018.
    The Nature Fix talks about Florence Williams own experience and modern research on the benefits of going outdoors. She talks about how the outdoors overall makes people feel better and scientific detail on the subject. Williams uses her own experiences and evidence to display the perks of going outdoors throughout her book.

    Loria, Kevin. “Being Outside Can Improve Memory, Fight Depression, and Lower Blood Pressure – Here Are 12 Science-Backed Reasons to Spend More Time Outdoors.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 22 Apr. 2018, https://www.businessinsider.com/why-spending-more-time-outside-is-healthy-2017-7.
    This article gave examples on how being outdoors can have benefits. Specifically, the article discusses a journalist Florence Williams, who talks about her own experience of investigating whether the outdoors has benefits. She explains how she was “disoriented, overwhelmed, depressed” when she wasing going outside. This is an example of how not going outside can affect ones mental health.

    Friedman, Lauren F. “11 Scientifically Proven Reasons You Should Go Outside.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 9 Apr. 2014, https://www.businessinsider.com/11-reasons-you-should-go-outside-2014-4.
    In this article, reasons why you should go outside are discussed and exemplified through case studies. In particular, the article talks about how going outside can release stress, restore mental energy, immune system boost and more. The article states the benefits and then backs them up with studies and evidence.

    “Health Benefits of Getting Outside.” Edited by Carol DerSarkissian , WebMD, WebMD, https://www.webmd.com/balance/ss/slideshow-health-benefits-nature.
    This article discusses the specific examples of how the outdoors ultimately has benefits on one’s health. Specifically, the article talks about how going outdoors can help you sleep better, it’s social, improves focus and so much more. The article gives examples of each of the thirteen benefits of going outdoors.

    Jacobs, Jeremy M., et al. “Going Outdoors Daily Predicts Long-Term Functional and Health Benefits Among Ambulatory Older People – Jeremy M. Jacobs, Aaron Cohen, Robert Hammerman-Rozenberg, Daniel Azoulay, Yoram Maaravi, Jochanan Stessman, 2008.” SAGE Journals, journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0898264308315427.
    The articles looks at the benefits of going outside and health status of older people. Specifically, the article discusses a study that was done to if going outside actually benefits a person more. The results displayed that going outside causes older people to have less pain, no sleeping problems and no decline in activities of daily living. Ultimately, going outside reduces functional decline and improves one’s health.

    Jacobs, Jeremy M., et al. “Going Outdoors Daily Predicts Long-Term Functional and Health Benefits Among Ambulatory Older People – Jeremy M. Jacobs, Aaron Cohen, Robert Hammerman-Rozenberg, Daniel Azoulay, Yoram Maaravi, Jochanan Stessman, 2008.” SAGE Journals, journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0898264308315427.
    The article examines that going outside and being physically active are proven to benefit mental health. Many studies have been done to display the positive effects, like less stress, when one is in green environments. Nature allows benefits of physical activity and constant exercise outside can help emotional well being.

    Jacqueline, et al. “The Relationship between Outdoor Activity and Health in Older Adults Using GPS.” MDPI, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 10 Dec. 2012, http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/12/4615.
    The article discusses that physical activity outdoors provides health benefits in older adults. Also, talks about how research uncovers that being in nature can affect one’s health. Elderly people are the least active and going outside really benefits their health.

    Mahoney, S. The Fresh-Air Fix. Prevention, [s. l.], v. 59, n. 8, p. 193–195, 2007. <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=25651379&site=ehost-liveThe article discusses ways to improve ones health and brain power by going outdoors. In particular, going outside allows one to get vitamin D from sunlight, lowers attention deficits and reduces stress. Also, the articles suggests to garden or go camping to get oneself outdoors.

    Rolfe, B. lifestyle. Let’s exercise OUTDOORS! Alive: Canada’s Natural Health & Wellness Magazine, [s. l.], n. 380, p. 63–66, 2014. <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=101372591&site=ehost-live The article discusses the health benefits of being active outdoors within playground or outdoor facilities. Moreover, it compares outdoor environments with indoor places. The article emphasizes the importance of going outside and what factors come along with it.

    Louv, Richard. Last Child in the Woods: Why Children Need Nature, How It Was Taken from Them, and How to Get It Back. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2005.
    In “Last Child in the Woods”, the book discusses the issue of children not going outdoors enough and how this affects children. Specifically, the book says that the lack of engaging in nature has caused a rise in obesity, attention disorders and depression. The book displays how nature plays a prominent role in the for a healthy childhood.

    Hamblin, James. If Our Bodies Could Talk: a Guide to Operating and Maintaining a Human Body. Doubleday, 2016.
    In “If Our Bodies Could Talk: A Guide to Operating and Maintaining a Human Body”, the book talks about James Hamblin uses his own experiences and medical training to uncover health questions. The books is written to educate one about the human anatomy and physiology. He answers health questions that are very prominent and mis interpreted by many.

  10. primary sources
    – Kane, S. (2018, July 8). 10 Ways Nature Helps Your Well-Being. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/blog/10-ways-nature-helps-your-well-being/.
    Living in Urban areas can cause more negative feelings and thoughts, causing a higher percentage of depression and anxiety. Doing work outside also is a way to improve brain health and memory. Being outside not only reduces stress for adults but also children and the elderly.

    – Find a Treatment Facility. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.crchealth.com/find-a-treatment-center/struggling-youth-programs/help/nature-is-therapeutic/.
    Nature is classified as a natural high because it releases endorphins that make you happy. It can help reduce stress, improve self confidence, help with having a stronger memory, and have a better sense of community. It also allows for great exercise. The world is better experienced through touch so getting outside helps with that.

    Case studies

    – Professional Practice. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.asla.org/ContentDetail.aspx?id=39515.
    Surprisingly, humans have a more sub-conscience feeling to be in nature or around natural things because it is more relaxing and real feeling than man made items. We are actually evolutionarily wired to be drawn more to nature. This is why office workers put pictures of beaches and flowers in their cubicle, because seeing these things in person is relaxing and having pictures can have the same effects.

    – Professional Practice. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.asla.org/ContentDetail.aspx?id=39571.
    Children who are outside more tend to have better general health. Playing in natural playground help keep kids active. Children activity has decreased throughout the years which is causes adolescent obesity.

    Academic Journals

    – How Does Nature Impact Our Wellbeing? (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/how-does-nature-impact-our-wellbeing.
    Research shows that nature can help reduce stress because hearing, seeing, and touching the outdoors changes your mood, while also changes how your bodily systems work. Always being stress causes high blood pressure, high anxiety, and makes your muscles more tense; a free solution is to spend quality time outside. Nature itself can lower your anger, fears, stress, and anxiety. Studies have also shown that having a single plant in each room will help and individuals wellbeing.

    – Harvard Health Publishing. (n.d.). Sour mood getting you down? Get back to nature. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/sour-mood-getting-you-down-get-back-to-nature.
    A 2015 study showed that people who walked outside for 90 minutes had lower activity in the prefrontal cortex, which controls negative thoughts. Hearing outdoor silence is proven to lower stress hormones and blood pressure. Also having a green view helps the mind defocus on negative thoughts and feelings, which is good for people that suffer from depression.

  11. 6/13 Annotated Sources:

    The National Wildlife Federation – Wildlife Guide https://www.nwf.org/Educational-Resources/Wildlife-Guide : The National Wildlife Federation has extensive information on many different plant and animal species. Some sub-links within this article include: Amphibians, Birds, Mammals, Reptiles, Invertebrates, and Plants/Fungi. The National Wildlife Federation is a trusted, verified, and prestige resource in the world of Biology.
    Nature.com – Fingerprints of Global Warming on Wild Animals and Plants https://www.nature.com/articles/nature01333 : This study shows how Animals and Plants are being affected by global warming. The sources used in this article further expand on how plant and animal species are affected by climate change. Sources include studies from Cambridge University, Schneider, S. H. & Root, T. L. in Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources Part 1, and Harvard.
    Climate change and ecosystems of the Mid-Atlantic Region – Catriona E Rogers, John P McCartyhttps://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6161/ef9e1fa43f6d4e57571bf952c619eb8903b4.pdf : This paper discusses the current state of ecosystems in the Mid-Atlantic, as well as various possible outcomes of continued environmental stresses combined with existing ones. Effects on forests include the fact that they are fragmented. This may isolate species causing them to die off. Effects on other ecosystems include those on estuaries, where salinity levels, temperature, and nutrient amounts all play a factor.
    Mistaken identity? Invasive plants and their native look-alikes-an identification guide for the mid-Atlantic – Matthew Sarver, A Treher, L Wilson, R Naczi, FB Kuehn https://www.nybg.org/files/scientists/rnaczi/Mistaken_Identity_Final.pdf : This guide gives information on invasive plant species and how to differentiate them from native ones. Over 50 different plant species are mentioned as well as their similar looking counterparts. Invasive species can pose a threat to the existing ones as well as the ecosystem.
    Bluegrass land and life: land character, plants, and animals of the Inner Bluegrass Region of Kentucky: past, present, and future – Mary E Wharton, Roger W Barbour – University Press of Kentucky, 2015 https://uknowledge.uky.edu/upk_biology/1/ : This book is an in depth guide to the plant and animal species of Kentucky. There is 474 animal and nearly 1,200 plant species. It also focuses heavily on the thoroughbred horse, a staple of Kentucky.
    The University of Waikato – The History of Animal Evolution https://sci.waikato.ac.nz/evolution/AnimalEvolution.shtml : This article looks at the history of animal evolution. From the very first
    organisms to today’s complex species, there are tens of thousands of different types of organisms that have appeared on this earth. Mammals are the most recent type of organism, while the Ediacaran animals are perhaps the oldest.

  12. – White, M. P., Alcock, I., Grellier, J., Wheeler, B. W., Hartig, T., Warber, S. L., … Fleming, L. E. (2019, June 13). Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and wellbeing. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-44097-3.
    People who spent more time in nature have reduced blood pressure, stress, and depression. Living in the city can cause higher rates of depression, high blood pressure, and stress rates. This is why experts reach out to urban cities and try to get people outdoors near greenery.

    Kahn, B. (2019, June 14). That Study About the Health Benefits of Nature Comes With an Important Caveat. Retrieved from https://earther.gizmodo.com/that-study-about-the-health-benefits-of-nature-comes-wi-1835524165.
    Two hours a day outside can improve ones health. Even though nature is rejuvenating, not everyone’s experience is the same. Some people need to spend more time outdoors to receive the health benefits it gives.

    – Sheikh, Knvul. “How Much Nature Is Enough? 120 Minutes a Week, Doctors Say.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 June 2019, http://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/13/health/nature-outdoors-health.html.
    Spending a weekend outside or by the lake can reduce stress, high blood pressure, and reduce the chance of having an asthma attack, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Scientific journals recommend 120 minutes outside a week. People reported that spending two hours or more outdoor a week have better health.

    Wise, Cat. “Why Doctors Are Increasingly Prescribing Nature.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, 28 Aug. 2019, http://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/why-doctors-are-increasingly-prescribing-nature.
    Children need to spend more time outside than indoors. Doctors are prescribing high dosages of nature just like they prescribe pills. Since more kids are not outside anymore, they are starting to get higher blood pressure and diseases they shouldn’t have

    – Reuben, Aaron. “Science’s Newest Miracle Drug Is Free.” Outside Online, 9 July 2019, http://www.outsideonline.com/2393660/science-newest-miracle-drug-free.
    Children who spend more time outdoors have better physical and mental health. Nature can help fight obesity. One in three adults and one in five children are obese. Getting outside would help fight that.

    Members and Affiliates.” EarthLab, earthlab.uw.edu/members-and-affiliates/nature-and-health/.
    Some healthcare is leaning towards nature instead of prescribing pills. Since nature can lower the levels of diseases this is a way to lower healthcare costs. Nature and health is focusing on five groups: veterans, adults, children, elderly, and healthcare

    Repke, Meredith A, et al. “How Does Nature Exposure Make People Healthier?: Evidence for the Role of Impulsivity and Expanded Space Perception.” PloS One, Public Library of Science, 22 Aug. 2018, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6104990/.
    Researchers are still trying to figure out how nature is so good for everyone’s health. Back in the day humans were more connected with nature and this explains why humans were much healthier. Whereas today humans stay inside more and eat worse which leads to being unhealthier.

  13. Hike the World’s Best Paths to Wellness. Art of RV. https://artofrv.com/hike-the- worlds-best-paths-to-wellness/. (Accessed October 23rd 2019).
    This google scholar article talks about reviews on the authors favorite places. It goes into detail about why it is important to spend more time outdoors. It talks about traditions of hiking. It states how we become a part of nature the more we spend time in it.

    Hiking for Beginners. REI Co Op. https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/hiking-for- beginners.html. (Accessed October 23rd 2019).
    While reading this article it goes into talking about hiking for beginners. It talks about the top 3 steps to follow, find a hiking partner, choose a hike, gear up. Further down the website it goes into detail about those three steps. It’s not a smart idea to go hiking alone even though it can give you a sense of freedom, you have to think about the logistics like if you get lost or if you trip and get hurt. When choosing a hike there is many ways like websites, guide books, or even asking around. To gear up for a hike you need to make sure you have food, water, hiking backpack, and proper hiking clothes.

    Northern Virginia. Hiking Project. https://www.hikingproject.com/directory/8010738 /northern-virginia. (Accessed October 23rd 2019)
    This interactive website lets you choose where you are located and the best hiking trails around you. It shows the average weather of each month, its helping you decide when is the best time to go hiking. It gives you reviews of certain trails and the best options.

    Bauer, Laura. “The Shortest Hikes With The Best Views”
    This co op journal talks about the shortest hikes with the greatest views. Hiking can easily turn into something harder than it should be. So this journal talks about how great short hikes can be. As you scroll down you see the list of different hikes with the greatest views.

    Leonard, Brendan. “The 20 Most Beautiful Day Hikes In America”
    This Adventure Journal lists the 20 most beautiful day hikes in America. It includes the name of the location and with the name there is a very well taken picture to give you an idea of what the hike looks like. Under the name and picture there is three to five sentences about the hike and a fun facts about the hike as well.

    Minihane, Joe. “23 Of The Worlds Best Hiking Trails.” CNN, April 1, 2019, Travel Section.
    If you want to travel worldwide and don’t know where to hike this news article will help. It gives a list of the best world wide hikes. It includes pictures and peoples personal experiences on pursuing these hikes.

  14. Inquiry question: What are the benefits we get for going outdoors?
    The 7 remaining cited and sources.

    The source is an article by David G Pearson and Tony Craig. Throughout the article, the authors explain the great outdoors , he explains the mental health of natural environments. Proximity to green space has been associated with lower stress and reduced symptomology for depression and anxiety while interacting with nature can improve cognition for children with attention deficits and individuals with depression. A recent epidemiological study has shown that people who move to greener urban areas benefits from sustained improvement in their mental health. The authors explain throughout the article what makes an environment restorative, the relationship between perceived restorative properties and attention restoration, and finally he didn’t hesitate to explain the optimal form of interaction with restorative environments.

    The great outdoors? Exploring the mental health benefits of natural environments https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4204431/.

    The source is a magazine. The tittle is this article is “improves our mood and health even in winter”. This article wants to persuade his audience to go outside. Just a few minutes day has been proven to improve both our moods and our physical health. Being outside also improves our immune system as it helps them build up their natural resistance. The amazing thing I learned about being outdoors by reading this magazine is that the simple act of walking led to increased creativity in 81% of participants, with the best results coming from walking outdoors. And also, I learned that being outdoors helps improve our relationship with people we are with outside. According to this magazine going outside during winter is the best way to improve our health.

    How Going Outside Improves Our Mood and Health Even in Winter.
    https://www.thesca.org/connect/blog/how-going-outside-improves-our-mood-and-health-even-winter

    The source is another article explaining the benefits we get for going outdoors. People who spent two hours a week outdoors reported feeling healthier than people who didn’t go out at all. Five hours yielded little added benefit. A wealth of research indicates that escaping to neighborhood park, hiking through the woods, or spending a weekend by the lake can lower a person’s stress levels, decrease blood pressure and reduced the risk asthma, allergies, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/13/health/nature-outdoors-health.html. How Much Nature Is Enough? 120 Minutes a Week, Doctors Say

    The source is a magazine by Matt Boyle. The magazine explains the benefits of being outdoors. According to this magazine, outdoors activities such as hiking is the most important way we get benefits.
    Hiking is one of the most common outdoor activities across the nation and we know that hiking holds a number of health benefits due to people just being physically active. Emotional health and mental health benefits that come from being out in the sun and in the nature. According to a Stanford led study “found that walking or hiking around in nature could lead to a lower risk of depression. The study found that people who would walk around for about 90 minutes in a natural environment showed decreased activity in a portion of the brain that was associated with depression.”

    https://thriveglobal.com/stories/the-benefits-of-being-outdoors/. The Benefits of Being Outdoors

    The source is an article by Robbin Whalen. Spending time outside can function as a natural medicine. Full time employee can make it difficult to spend time outdoors so even few minutes outdoor breaks a day can have a positive impact on your health. Happiness, improved memory, stress relief, reduction of inflammation, energy boost, better brain function, vitamin D boost, stronger immune system are the benefits we get for going outdoors such as hiking to be considered as one of the most important outdoor activity.

    The Powerful Health Benefits of Spending Time Outside. https://info.totalwellnesshealth.com/blog/the-powerful-health-benefits-of-spending-time-outside.

    The source is a magazine by Kevin Loria. The author mentioned Florence Williams book. In her book, she started investigating the health benefits of nature after moving from the mountainous terrain of Boulder. At first, she felt depressed, but after the walking to Boulder, she felt better than ever. And at the end of the article the author didn’t hesitate to add the different benefits we get for going outdoors.

    https://www.businessinsider.com/why-spending-more-time-outside-is-healthy-2017-7. Being outside can improve memory, fight depression, and lower blood pressure — here are 12 science-backed reasons to spend more time outdoors.

    The source is an article by Jill L. Ferguson, the author explains the 5 benefits of being outdoors such as sunlight can help prevent myopia in children, being outside helps with mental health, moderate to vigorous activity and time outdoors correlate to better academic performance, nature helps reduces stress levels, being in nature improves physical health.

    5 befits of being outdoors. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/5-benefits-of-being-outdoors_b_5938266ce4b014ae8c69dce0.

  15. “Good places to hike around D.C?”
    Example’s
    Cooper, Rachel. “The Best Hiking Trails Around Washington, D.C.” TripSavvy, TripSavvy, 14 Jan. 2019, https://www.tripsavvy.com/best-hiking-trails-in-the-washington-dc-area-1039016.
    1. This article explains how the D.C area has some amazing hikes. It talks about the Rock Creek Park that goes about 25 miles long. The article says this is good place to hike because of the historic site you can see.
    2. In this article the National Arboretume 446 acres of land around D.C. This park shows the great lands of D.C. This park is not super well known but I think it would be a great place to hike. https://www.tripsavvy.com/best-hiking-trails-in-the-washington-dc-area-1039016.
    3. This story talks about good hikes to do in less then 60 minutes. Winkler Botanical Preserve is a nice to hike because the nice water fall you can hike to. The story also explains that you see a lot of good wildlife on this hike.
    Cooper, Rachel. “The Best Hiking Trails Around Washington, D.C.” TripSavvy, TripSavvy, 14 Jan. 2019, https://www.tripsavvy.com/best-hiking-trails-in-the-washington-dc-area-1039016.
    4. This journal talks about the Lithia Park has a great view of the mountains. The trains on one this hike is about 3 miles long. It shows you all the wonderful things about the outdoors.
    Urness, Zach. “The 8 Best Hikes near Medford and Ashland, Oregon.” Statesman Journal, Salem Statesman Journal, 28 June 2018, http://www.statesmanjournal.com/story/travel/outdoors/2018/06/28/best-hikes-oregon-ashland-medford-pilot-rock-grizzly-peak-wagner-butte-lithia-park/732847002.

  16. Academic Journals

    Source 1: Henson Creek Park is a family and pet friendly park that features a bike trail, skating ring, jogging trials, and forest trails. The 5.7 mile Henson Creek Trail extends from Oxon Hill Road to Temple Hill Road. The park also has recreational fields and parts of it passes through neighborhoods.

    “Henson Creek Trail.” MNCPPC, MD, http://www.pgparks.com/Facilities/Facility/Details/Henson-Creek-Trail-110.

    Source 2: Piscataway Creek is located by the Potomac River in Prince George’s County. It is a 18.6 mile long tributary along the river. The last 2.5 miles of the trail ends near the Potomac River, entering it at Fort Washington Park. The United States Geological Survey records two names for Piscataway Creek: Pascattawaye Creek and Puscattuway Creeke.

    “Piscataway Creek.” Piscataway Creek at Piscataway Area Map–Potomac River Guide,

    Source 3: Fort Washington Marina is another well-known trial that runs along the Potomac River and it shares some trails with Piscataway Creek. It is a large marina that has easy access to the river with boat docks and is great for kayaking and canoeing. However, the channel of the marina has a depth of about 5.5 feet.

    “Fort Washington Marina.” Fort Washington Marina–Potomac River Guide, http://www.riverexplorer.com/details.php?id=361.

    Experts

    Source 1: Chesapeake National Park winds through the Potomac River Valley and is about 184-mile trail long, which runs from Washington, D.C., to Cumberland, Maryland, The trail of crushed stone, gravel, and dirt is perfect for walking, biking, or horseback riding. The entrance is located in Great Falls and the fee is $2.

    Dreher, Beth, and Nichele Hoskins. “Hike through History.” Health (Time Inc. Health), vol. 18, no. 6, July 2004, pp. 96–98. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=13600304&site=ehost-live.

    Source 2: Maggie Spilner wrote an article called “The Beauty of the Off-Season,” which is about hiking outdoors and exploring off trails. She adventures on various parks and hiking trails and journals the ones that were her favorite. I think it’s great that someone like Spilner enjoys the outdoors and loves to embrace mother-nature.

    Spilner, Maggie, and Marianne McGinnis. “The Beauty of the 0ff-Season.” Prevention, vol. 55, no. 3, Mar. 2003, p. 93. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=9075914&site=ehost-live.

    Historical

    Source 1: 60 Hikes Within 60 Miles of Washington D.C includes urban hikes, walks to scenic suburban, and wilderness hikes in the D.C. area. It is a highly rated guide book for local and quests that are nature-lovers. People have said that the book is very useful and is a great way to get to know the trails in the area.

    Elliott, Paul. “60 Hikes Within 60 Miles: Washington, D.C.: Includes Suburban and Outlying Areas of Maryland and Virginia.” Google Books, Menasha Ridge Press, 2 Mar. 2007,

    Source 2: Best Hikes with Kids: Washington Beltway and Beyond was written by Jennifer Chambers. It is fill with detailed information about family friendly trails around the D.C. area, Prince Georges County, and in Maryland. It also provides trials that are only two hours away from D.C. for those who are not quite in the D.C. district.

    Chambers , Jennifer. “Best Hikes with Kids: Washington DC, The Beltway & Beyond.” Google Books, Google,

  17. How to get impressive scenic view photos?

    1st Person Account

    This source shows two different techniques on how to improve the quality of the camera. While you are taking the photo, you can wrap torn plastic around the edge of the camera to create blurred edges. The intention of using this method is that the middle of the image remains well-focused, while the edges become foggy. The second method will unfocus the background of the element and will highlight the main object or view of the landscape.

    Amiria GaleAmiria. (2018, November 29). 100 Creative Photography Ideas: Techniques, Compositions & Mixed Media Approaches. Retrieved from https://www.studentartguide.com/articles/creative-photography-ideas.

    This source helped me to answer my question because it taught me that landscape photography has to be taken in the very early morning at sunrise or in the evening at sunset. Finding a unique perspective with an excellent brightness or darkness is another technique that has to be used to get an impressive photo.

    Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., Harmer, J., AuthorJim Harmer Facebook Twitter Google, … Google. (n.d.). 13 Ways to Make Your Photos Look Professional. Retrieved from https://improvephotography.com/35020/how-to-make-a-photo-look-professional/.

    This source points out how a night photo brings up life, and how I can acquire a good scenic view during the night. For having high-quality night photography, I will need a super-slow shutter speed and a tripod or stable surface to steady the camera. With one of these tools, I can shoot directly to the scenic view or object.

    Harman, C., & Christina. (2019, July 29). 20 Amazing Photography Tips and Techniques. Retrieved from https://contrastly.com/amazing-photography-techniques/.

    Case Studies/Examples

    The photojournalist Robert Capa narrates about good photography. The examples that he uses helps me realize that if I feel that my photo is not good enough, it is because I’m not close enough. To fix this, I have to take a step or two closer to the subject and fill the frame with the subject and see how much better it will look without wasted space. I can apply this advice in my photos so I can get an impressive picture.

    40 Tips to Take Better Photos. (2014, January 25). Retrieved from https://petapixel.com/2014/01/24/40-tips-take-better-photos/.

    This source gives an example of the use of leading lines in photos and draws the viewer’s eye toward a specific part of the frame. The lines can be straight or circular. This technique creates a sense of depth in the image and makes the photo look purposefully designed. Following this example will enhance people’s attention to my pictures.

    Kolowich, L. (n.d.). Phone Photography 101: How to Take Good Pictures With Your Mobile Device. Retrieved from https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/good-pictures-phone-tips.

    The lesson from the photographer Eirik Johnson about something ”ugly” can still make an exciting photograph helped me answer my question because most of my photos are taken in places with insects and a bunch of plants. So, he taught me that I can still capture a beautiful image despite the dirty, ruined, or decrepit location.

    Photolemur. (n.d.). 5 Fantastic Photography Tips from Famous Photographers Around the World. Retrieved from https://photolemur.com/blog/5-photography-tips-from-famous-photographers.

    Academic Journals

    This journal talks about how these 3 main devices such as Apple, Samsung and Huawei have introduced cameras that produce portrait mode, which sharpened a subject in the foreground. Most people use this effect while they are taking their photos, because it creates a blurred effect at the background of the object.

    Chen, B. X. (2019, October 15). The Reason Your Photos Are About to Get a Lot Better. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/15/technology/personaltech/google-pixel-photography.html.

    This article shows how 21st century people are using more filters with the purpose to enhance their pictures, and those filters also can transform photos with bolder effects. Using filtered photos brings more likely to be viewed and more likely to be commented on by consumers of photographs.

    Bakhshi, S., Shamma, D. A., Kennedy, L., & Gilbert, E. (2015, April). Why we filter our photos and how it impacts engagement. In Ninth International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media.

    Having a well-composed image means to capture the subject from different angles and be portrayed differently. By using the rule of thirds, the subject will be more memorable to viewers because the important element will be placed along the lines of the grids. This technique makes the photo more interesting and engaging.

    Barker, S. (2018, September 25). How to Make Your Photos Look Amazing Before You Post Them on Instagram. Retrieved from https://curatti.com/photos-amazing-before-post-instagram
    Experts

    According to the expert Joshua Dunlop, exist tons of photographic techniques but the principal trait for getting a good exposure, is to have good images. What people look in every post is the highest quality. Otherwise, they will pass them and move on to the next.

    Dunlop, J. (n.d.). 10 Powerful Ways to Get Your Photos Noticed in 2019. Retrieved from https://expertphotography.com/get-your-photos-noticed/.

    This expert article gives examples or ways of how to improve the composition of landscape photos. It explains how a well-composed landscape photo arranges visual elements, like trees, clouds, mountains or people, so that they catch the eye, tell a story or evoke a certain emotion.
    How to Take Great Landscape Photos: REI Expert Advice. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/how-to-take-great-landscape-photos.html.
    Books

    This book talks about how making photos look old makes them look cool and how we can change our perspective while we are taking photos. For example, we can get our cell phone lower, higher, inside or behind things due to the lens that cellphones have compared to professional cameras. Providing a different point of view will change our perspective.

    Linaschke, J. (2011). Getting the most from Instagram. Peachpit Press.

    This book tells the importance of using three different types of lights. The Fresnel light, and two kinds of focusable lights that are variations of ellipsoidal type lights. The main benefit of using these lights is that the person will see exactly what they want by adjusting the size of the light source coming out.

    Dantzig, S., & Dantzig, J. (2015). The Essential Photography Workbook: The Beginner’s Guide to Creating Impressive Digital Photos. Amherst Media.

  18. Haymanot Alemu

    How to take better outdoor photographs?

    Source 1: This source explain by photographer Mike Matson shares his top Ten Tips:
    https://www.wta.org/get-involved/events/photo-contest/how-to-take-better-outdoor-photo
    1. Carry a tripod. The easiest way to improve your photographs is to use a tripod. You’ll get clearer photos, and slower shutter speed can allow you to take a deeper depth of focus.
    2, Shoot during the “magic hour.” Plan your hikes around good light. The hours at the beginning and end of the day will yield exceptional photos. The rest of the day pales in comparison.
    3, Use supplemental lighting. Sometimes nature’s lighting isn’t the best for photography. Simple, supplemental lighting from fill-flash, reflectors, and even strobes can do wonders for your photos.
    4, Avoid the “bullseye.” When composing your photo, throw things off-center on purpose. Use the “rule of thirds,” which imagines your photo divided into a three-by-three grid, with the horizon and important elements of the photo found within or along the lines of that grid.
    5, Less is more. Simplify your photos. Pick out the most important element you see and focus in on it
    6, Add a human touch. Humans are part of the landscape, so don’t be afraid to include them in your outdoor photos. People add scale, personality, and interest in landscape photography. Run ahead on the trail and take photos of hikers facing the camera rather than walking away.
    7, Catch the action. Try techniques such as panning with a moving subject, slow shutter speeds, fast shutter speeds, or moving the camera on purpose. These can all add the perception of dynamic action to your outdoor photos.
    8, Watch the water. The Cascades and much of the Northwest are defined by moving water. Use a tripod and slow shutter speeds to capture the beautiful, blurred motion of moving water.
    9, Change your point of view. Galen Rowell called this “participatory photography.” Finding new perspectives is one way to boost the creativity of your photos. Try a chest harness, an extension arm, or helmet cam to get a different point of view. Or simply crouch low or standing on a rock for a different perspective on a familiar subject.
    10, Add a filter. Two simple, inexpensive filters can often improve your photos. A polarizing filter can deepen the color of the sky and allow you to see into lakes and streams. A graduated neutral density filter, when used properly, can help you avoid the common problem of underexposed forest and overexposed white mountains in the same photo.

    Source 2: This source is about natural photographs https://www.cnn.com/2018/11/15/cnn-underscored/outdoor-photography-tips/index.html
    Author: Noelle Ike describe nature photography can be trickier than indoor shots. You could just snap a picture of a landscape with your phone, but to really capture the colors of a sunset or the movement of a wild animal, you’ll need to learn some specific skills.
    Landscapes and Natural Light: You can always adjust studio light, but natural light is less forgiving.

    Source 3: Author Ken Kaminesky shows the ways to improve your chances of creating crisp https://www.outdoorphotographer.com/tips-techniques/travel-photography/take-better-travel-photos/
    There are a lot of ways to improve your chances of creating crisp, vibrant and stunning travel photos. A passion for making and editing photos is essential for improving your photography. The key to keeping that passion in your soul is to continue to have fun with all aspects of the crafts. So don’t fret too much if, at first, you’re not getting the results you are looking for.
    Staying Focused: “You can’t depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus”-Mark Twain. Achieving an in-focus photo is key when doing any kind of photography, and with travel photography this is crucial. With innovations like focus peaking on today’s mirrorless cameras,focusing manually is more accurate than ever before.
    Planning your shots: “Plans are nothing; planning is everything”.-Dwight D. Eisenhower. Whether you’re close to home or halfway around the world, nothing is more important than proper planning of your shoot if you expect to achieve any high standard of quality with your travel photography. That being said oftentimes even the best thought-out plans can fall apart. This is why the act of planning is far more important than your actual plans. Planning properly makes you do the research for your locations and allows you to quickly come up with contingencies in case something goes awry once on site.

    Source: 4 https://digital-photography-school.com/7-quick-tips-for-better-outdoor-photography/
    A Post By:Karthika Gupta this sources talk about what things we have to add when we take photos. Create perspective by adding a sense of scale: Adding elements like humans and or objects like vehicles can add a sense of scale, as well as create some interest in an otherwise mundane landscape. These elements give the audience perspective, a sense of scale and also helps them relate to the grandeur of the environment. Add some contrast by looking for elements that stand out in an otherwise monotone environment.

    Change your angels: To push yourself creatively, try and switch up your focus and add some variety. Either get down to ground level and point your camera upwards or get on a rock or picnic bench and look down. Create depth by focusing on the background and blurring out the foreground.

    Off-camera flash: Your photography doesn’t need to stop the moment the sun and darkness has cloaked the earth. Insted, grab your flash, or even a headlamp and head out to create some interesting outdoor photographs.
    Source: 5 Rick McEvoy: This source talk about that we have to crop images to get better looks and talk about the location at different times of the day. https://improvephotography.com/51132/top-20-photography-tips-taking-better-photo
    Take landscape and portrait photos: Don’t take every photograph in landscape format. Turn your camera through 90 degrees and get a different angle on things.
    Crop images: A post processing tip.Crop an image you have edited to get something different. Pick out one thing in an image and make this the subject matter. This is an interesting exercise and you might be surprised what you get. And once you have done this apply the results next time you go out and shoot. Rather than cropping in camera crop with your camera by changing to a longer focal length or getting closer.
    Try the same location at different times of the day: If you can, photography the same scene in the morning and the evening. At noon. When it is dark. At sunrise and sunset, and the wonderful times before and after. And look at what has happened. Yow will see how the light interacts within the scene at different times of the day, and from this you will learn the best time to photograph a scene.
    Enjoy taking photographs: photography is a wonderful thing. Enjoy it. Photography should not be a chore. And if you enjoy something you will probably do it better.
    Source 6: https://www.wikihow.com/Take-Better-Photographs by Stuart Morgan talk about holding your camera properly: The way that you hold your camera may make a difference in the quality of your shots. It is important to hold your camera with both hands so that you have the most control over it. Hold it so that you are supporting the lens with your left hand and holding the camera body with your right hand.
    Some people think that great photography requires an expensive camera,but good technique is more important than costly equipment. If you are unhappy with the quality of your photos, then you might benefit from reviewing some of the basics and ensuring that you are using your camera as effectively.

    This all websites give us specific information and how to take better outdoor photographs.

  19. Sorry for the lateness.
    AmericanForests.org – 10 Nature Photography Tips for Beginners: By Kate Kirlin https://www.americanforests.org/blog/10-nature-photography-tips-beginners/ I can use some of these tips in this site to better my photography skills in nature, since I take mostly urban photos. I have been wanting to get back into photography. This article is a good refresher of some principles when in the wild.
    Canva.com – Here’s how to promote your photography on Instagram like a pro: https://www.canva.com/learn/heres-promote-photography-instagram-like-pro/ This article relates to the improvement of promoting my photos on platforms such as Instagram to share them with many. I want as many people as I can to see my work and appreciate it. This article refreshes on how you can garner natural attention to your work.
    Creative Black and White (2nd Edition): Digital Photography Tips and Techniques – Harold Davis https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=vgmXDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT12&dq=photography+tips&ots=aqXWmeO2UM&sig=8ygpn0ywX0FLeHq7Rp6E3cOjHeQ#v=onepage&q=photography%20tips&f=false This article is an in depth guide to black and white photography. Black and white photography has always been an integral part of photography, as for the majority of its history, the only way to shoot had been in black and white. It is also easy to balance colors with black and white. For these reasons, I wish to incorporate it in my future work.
    Manovich.net – Subjects and Styles in Instagram Photography (Part 2): By Lee Manovich http://manovich.net/content/04-projects/093-subjects-and-styles-in-instagram-photography-part-2/lm_instagram_article_part_2_edited.pdf This article shows different styles of photography used on Instagram. The three styles of photography are “casual,” “professional,” and “designed.” Casual photos are everyday photos people take with friends, while professional and designed photos relate to competitive photography.
    USDA Forest Service – Measuring Landscape Esthetics: The Scenic Beauty Estimation Method: By Terry C. Daniel and Ron S. Boster https://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_rm/rm_rp167.pdf This guide helps to determine how a scene should be shot. Different angles as well as what is included in the photo all play a role in a good photograph. Stepping back and just observing for the perfect shot in a scene which one feels is beautiful is sometimes the best option.
    Iphonephotographyschool.com – 10 iPhone Photography Tips To Quickly Improve Your Photos: By Emil Pakarklis https://iphonephotographyschool.com/iphone-photography-tips/ This article will help with my photography skills on my phone. I might need this information if I am without a digital camera and only have my phone. I want to take pictures whenever and wherever I can.
    Digital Photography School – 5 Ways to Create Detail Photos: Dan Bailey https://digital-photography-school.com/5-ways-create-detail-photos/ They say its all in the details, and that’s certainly true with photography. This article gives five good ways to create detail in one’s photos. A photography with good detail is a complete photograph.

  20. Academic Journals
    Source 1: Henson Creek Park is a family and pet friendly park that features a bike trail, skating ring, jogging trials, and forest trails. “The 5.7 mile Henson Creek Trail extends from Oxon Hill Road to Temple Hill Road”. The park also has recreational fields and parts of it passes through neighborhoods.
    “Henson Creek Trail.” MNCPPC, MD, http://www.pgparks.com/Facilities/Facility/Details/Henson-Creek-Trail-110.
    Source 2: Piscataway Creek is located by the Potomac River in Prince George’s County. It is a 18.6 mile long tributary along the river. The last 2.5 miles of the trail ends near the Potomac River, entering it at Fort Washington Park. “The United States Geological Survey records two names for Piscataway Creek: Pascattawaye Creek and Puscattuway Creek”.
    “Piscataway Creek.” Piscataway Creek at Piscataway Area Map–Potomac River Guide,
    Source 3: Fort Washington Marina is another well-known trial that runs along the Potomac River and it shares some trails with Piscataway Creek. It is a large marina that has easy access to the river with boat docks and is great for kayaking and canoeing. However, the channel of the marina has a depth of about 5.5 feet.
    “Fort Washington Marina.” Fort Washington Marina–Potomac River Guide, http://www.riverexplorer.com/details.php?id=361.
    Experts
    Source 1: “Chesapeake National Park winds through the Potomac River Valley and is about 184-mile trail long, which runs from Washington, D.C., to Cumberland, Maryland, The trail of crushed stone, gravel, and dirt is perfect for walking, biking, or horseback riding. The entrance is located in Great Falls and the fee is $2”.
    Dreher, Beth, and Nichele Hoskins. “Hike through History.” Health (Time Inc. Health), vol. 18, no. 6, July 2004, pp. 96–98. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=13600304&site=ehost-live.
    Source 2: Maggie Spilner wrote an article called “The Beauty of the Off-Season,” which is about hiking outdoors and exploring off trails. She went on various hikes where she went to parks and hiking trails and journals the ones that were her favorite. I think it’s great that someone like Spilner enjoys the outdoors and loves to embrace mother-nature.
    Spilner, Maggie, and Marianne McGinnis. “The Beauty of the 0ff-Season.” Prevention, vol. 55, no. 3, Mar. 2003, p. 93. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=9075914&site=ehost-live.
    Historical
    Source 1: 60 Hikes Within 60 Miles of Washington D.C includes urban hikes, walks to scenic suburban, and wilderness hikes in the D.C. area. It is a highly rated guide book for local and quests that are nature-lovers. People have said that the book is very useful and is a great way to get to know the trails in the area.
    Elliott, Paul. “60 Hikes Within 60 Miles: Washington, D.C.: Includes Suburban and Outlying Areas of Maryland and Virginia.” Google Books, Menasha Ridge Press, 2 Mar. 2007,
    Source 2: Best Hikes with your Kids: Washington Beltway and Beyond was written by Jennifer Chambers. It is fill with detailed information about family friendly trails around the D.C. area, Prince George’s County, and in Maryland. It also provides trials that are only two hours away from D.C. for those who are not quite in the D.C. district.
    Chambers , Jennifer. “Best Hikes with Kids: Washington DC, The Beltway & Beyond.” Google Books, Google,

  21. Good places to hike around D.C
    My response to my question, is there are plenty of great places to hike around D.C for many diffident types of people. I learned that many of the trails are not that long which is perfect for people with dogs or someone who can’t walk as far. One of the parks Henson Creek Park is super friendly trail for familys and has a great nature view.
    Another thing I learned are places you can go that have history to them. For example, the Piscataway Creek has lot of great historical sites to see alongside the hike. The hike is about 18 miles long but the reviews on it said it’s a hike that everyone should go on. Something else that I learned is that most of all the hikes around D.C or not all of them are surrounded by bodies of water. Most of the hikes are along side the Potomac River, which is a pretty nice if you climb to the top. You have to be careful because some trails will have a fee to get into the park. For example, Great Falls and Chesapeake National Park have an entrance fee of 2 dollars. Not all of the places have fees most of them are free parks that you can go to.
    Lastly, I learned that just being outside on a hike with a great view is the most important part about this question. Most of theses hikes are a great escape from the real world. The hikes are very peaceful places to go and a good source of exercise. The outdoors is also somewhere you can go an adventure, there are no right and wrongs when you are hiking. Someone can just go on a trail an adventure and see where it takes them. Most people take the outdoors for granted and don’t spend enough time outside.
    1
    “Henson Creek Trail.” MNCPPC, MD, http://www.pgparks.com/Facilities/Facility/Details/Henson-Creek-Trail-110
    2
    “Fort Washington Marina.” Fort Washington Marina–Potomac River Guide, http://www.riverexplorer.com/details.php?id=361.

    Dreher, Beth, and Nichele Hoskins. “Hike through History.” Health (Time Inc. Health), vol. 18, no. 6, July 2004, pp. 96–98. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=13600304&site=ehost-live.

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