Due Oct. 30th – Inquiry conclusion

Write a three paragraph conclusion for your inquiry question.

  1. What is the answer to your question based on your annotated bibliography
  2. Cite bibliography sources in your conclusion
  3. Post your conclusion as a comment to this post.

Start your comment with your full name followed by your inquiry question followed by your conclusion


15 Comments on “Due Oct. 30th – Inquiry conclusion

  1. Claudio Espinoza Masache Inquiry Question: Are there any disadvantages to hiking?

    As we have gone along many hikes in our discovery class, I began to wonder if there were any disadvantages of hiking. I started to do some research on this question I had and found out a couple of things about hiking in general. For starters, hikers should come well prepared for their hikes to prevent future injury (Injuries and afflictions on the trail). By this I mean they should have the right amount of water and snacks and other stuff in order to prevent dehydration and hunger later in their hike. A lack of these supplies could lead to injury or possibly death. Hiking can lead to soreness of muscles as well and tiredness, so hikers should be aware of the risks before hiking (What Are the Benefits & Disadvantages of Hiking?).
    One of the main “disadvantages” of hiking is that hikers can easily get injured if they make a wrong turn and they could also easily get lost as well. One helpful tip to prevent these injuries is to know more about the terrain these hikers will be hiking. If they know more about the area, they’ll know what precautions to take in order to prevent these injuries (Injuries and afflictions on the trail). They should also make sure that they have a GPS or a cellphone with them in order to contact someone or find a way out if getting lost (What Are the Benefits & Disadvantages of Hiking?). Also, if the hikers have health conditions, they should try and avoid extremely long or dangerous hikes since it could potentially lead to death (What’s Killing America’s Hikers).
    In conclusion, there are not any real “disadvantages” of hiking, instead there are precautions one should take before hiking to further prevent injury and death. Hikers should know the landscape of their hikes in order to better prepare for their hikes. This would allow them to plan out how much supplies they need and how careful they need to be. Hikers with health conditions should also plan accordingly since hiking is a physical activity that could further lead to health complications. Hikers should be well informed on their hike in order to prevent future problems.

    Parker, Vicki. “What’s Killing America’s Hikers?” SkyAboveUs, SkyAboveUs, 26 Feb. 2017, skyaboveus.com/climbing-hiking/Whats-Killing-Americas-Hikers.

    Hike Safe :: It’s Your Responsibility – Injuries & Afflictions, http://www.hikesafe.com/index.php?page=injuries-and-afflictions-on-the-trail.

    Jenkins, Alexis. “What Are the Benefits & Disadvantages of Hiking?” LIVESTRONG.COM, Leaf Group, 11 Sept. 2017, http://www.livestrong.com/article/511603-what-are-the-benefits-disadvantages-of-hiking/.

  2. In a perfect world, the average human should be consuming about 2 liters of water daily. However, when you introduce a lengthy hike into the equation, numbers start to fluctuate. But the main problem is that water is heavy, and because of this problem, hikers sometimes elect to not bring any water an only drink from natural streams, using filters, chlorine, or other methods to purify the water. The real limit of how much you should drink is how much can you carry, and if that is the question, than another question arises, what do I carry it in?
    Many people elect to wear Camelbacks on their backs(Cage), small collapsible bladders that can hold large capacities of water without occupying too much space. This method can be relatively reliable, cheap, and at this time it is very popular. Having a bladder also means you aren’t able to chug water, and if you are dehydrated, the last thing you need is a stomach full of water all at once. Nalgenes are very accessible. All they are are bottles of water. They are the most durable option, however, can not be collapsed, and are often heavy on their own.
    In conclusion, It is recommended by professionals that you should drink 1 liter of water per hour of hiking, however this is all personal preference because Height, Age, Skill, BMI, Weather, Sweat rate and duration are all factors that can have a massive impact on the amount of water you should drink. You should not drink any water in the wild unless it is filtered by a professional device. Early signs of dehydration you should watch out for are thirst, dry mouth and a decrease in energy, but the most compelling thing you should listen to when hiking is your thirst! Hydration is no joke, respect the sweat.

    • Annotated Bibliography
      FIRST PERSON – This article did a good job of informing the audience how much to drink but also how to carry it and where to find it when you are out and about on a hike.
      Cage, Chris. “How Much Water to Carry: Backpacker’s Guide to Hydration.” Greenbelly Meals, http://www.greenbelly.co/pages/how-much-water-should-i-carry-backpacking.

      EXPERT – This article by REI made points to warn about the dangers of dehydration, and how to avoid it, taught by the pro’s. They suggest weighing yourself before and after an hour of working out, and then drink the difference, as you lost water weight via sweat.
      Stump, Megan. “Hydration Basics.” REI, http://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/hydrate.html.

      FIRST PERSON – SectionHiker.com suggest 32 ounces or 1 liter ever 2 hours. They also advertise hydration packs that they recommend, they recommend a 3 liter pack, but only filling it to the amount that you will drink as not to overstrain yourself for no reason by carrying extra water weight.
      Warner, Philip. “How Much Water Do You Need for Day Hiking?” Section Hikers Backpacking
      Blog, 18 June 2018, sectionhiker.com/how-much-water-do-you-need-for-day-hiking/.

      EXPERT – Honan factors in many different variables to a science as to how much water you should be drinking. Though it does matter to individual needs, climate, and level of exertion, he also says it is a big source of adaptability and self preference.
      Honan, Cam. “Hydration.” The Hiking Life, 22 May 2017, http://www.thehikinglife.com/health-safety/hydration/.

      CASE STUDY – The anonymous author here says he packs away 3 liters of water in his hydration bladder, for a 9-12 mile hike that would take 4-6 hours. His logic is water is heavy so why bother carrying it all if you can just filter it at the source? And so that’s what he did, does, and teaches.
      “How Much Water Should I Take on a Hike?” Coolhikinggear.com, 2 Aug. 2018, coolhikinggear.com/how-much-water-should-i-take-on-a-hike.

      ACADEMIC JOURNAL – In this interview, Emily Harold talks about her water drinking habits while hiking. She argues that we should all be drinking more water, especially while hiking. She argues you can never bring too much.
      Harold, Emily. “You Might Not Be Drinking Enough Water When You Hike.” University of Utah Health, 24 Aug. 2016, healthcare.utah.edu/the-scope/shows.php?shows=0_8m4vwxrd.

      CASE STUDY – After this study, it was concluded that 3 Liter bladders were the prime option on the market at the moment, and the right choice.
      Cronk, Jason. “The Best Hydration Packs for Hiking and Biking.” OutdoorGearLab,
      OutdoorGearLab, 8 Aug. 2018, http://www.outdoorgearlab.com/topics/camping-and-hiking/best-hydration-pack.

      HISTORICAL – while itself is not historical in nature, it debunks the myths of hydration that were started a long time ago.
      Popkin, Barry M et al. “Water, hydration, and health” Nutrition reviews vol. 68,8 (2010): 439-58.

      HISTORICAL – There was a study and the hypothesis was that increased hydration led to body weight loss, mainly through a decrease in feeding, and a loss of fat, through increased lipolysis. If you are lighter you can drink less and hike farther.
      Thorton, Simon N. “Increased Hydration Can Be Associated with Weight Loss.” Increased Hydration Can Be Associated with Weight Loss, Frontiers in Nutrition, 10 June 2016, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4901052/.

      FIRST PERSON – With 5 separate steps, Diane will guide you through how much water you will need to bring based on the conditions of the hike.
      Vukovic, Diane. “Figure Out How Much Water to Bring Hiking in 5 Simple Steps.” Mom Goes Camping, 26 Oct. 2018, momgoescamping.com/how-much-water-to-bring-hiking/.

      CASE STUDY – Scott recommends that you multiply your body weight in Kg by 5 and that is the amount of water, in mL, you should bring, however he left so many things unaccounted for, like hike conditions, or BMI. You can weigh the same but if your BMI is different you’ll need a different amount of water.
      L., Scott. “How Much Water Should You Drink on a Hike and Why?” Challenged Hiking, 12 May 2018, http://www.challengedhiking.com/2-015/10/22/how-much-water-should-you-drink-on-a-hike-and-why-2/.

      ACADEMIC JOURNAL – In this broad hydration study they concluded that the best rate to drink water is 1 liter an hour.
      Judelson, Daniel A., et al. “Hydration and Muscular Performance.” SpringerLink, Springer, 2 Oct. 2012, link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00007256-200737100-00006.

      ACADEMIC JOURNAL – This article speaks about the danger of hiking in the heat and how important it is to be careful when hiking the desert.
      Bennett, Brad L. “Medical Evaluation for Exposure Extremes: Heat.” NeuroImage, Academic Press, 26 Nov. 2015, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1080603215003269.\

  3. Aaliyah Clark
    October 31st 2018
    Discover Outdoor Adventure
    Professor Erdeljon

    Why Is Hiking Important?

    Hiking is important for various reasons. It’s important to maintain good health, hiking helps with keeping you healthy. According to Harvard Heart Letter hiking is not only good for your heart but it’s also a great stress reliever. Webmd tells us that hiking lowers the risk of heart disease as well as improving blood pressure. According to the Journal of Vacation Marketing hiking improves muscle tone. The health benefits that hiking provides is just one example as to why hiking is so important.

    Due to the recent wildfires in California hiking is extremely important. Without volunteer firefighters that are willing to hike we wouldn’t have people to put of the fires. Hiking in wildfires are dangerous enough so it’s important to have a plan a set a when hiking. Hiking is helping California fight the wildfires.

    Historical factors play a part in the importance of hiking. People have been hiking since the Stone Age according to Raftrek. I feel that it is important to continue to have hiking as part of our history. Hiking is another form of exploration and without individuals hiking we can lose out on new discoveries. Hiking is important historically, environmental and health wise without it our world would be a different place.

    Corliss, J. (2016, September 23). Health benefits of hiking: Raise your heart rate and your mood. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/health-benefits-of-hiking-raise-your-heart-rate-and-your-mood-2016092810414
    Greie, S., Humpeler, E., Gunga, H. C., Koralewski, E., Klingler, A., Mittermayr, M., . . . Schobersberger, W. (2014, March 11). Improvement of metabolic syndrome markers through altitude specific hiking vacations. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03344138
    Hiking as a relevant wellness activity – results of an exploratory study of hiking tourists in Portugal applied to a rural tourism project. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1356766710380886
    “Hiking History | Active and Adventure Holidays Croatia | Raftrek Travel.” Raftrek Adventure Travel, 9 Mar. 2018, raftrek.com/outdoor-travel/short-history-hiking/.
    McKinney, J. (2009, March 22). For Good Health: Take a Hike! Retrieved from https://psmag.com/social-justice/for-good-health-take-a-hike-3862
    Robinson, K. M. (n.d.). How Hiking Is Good for Body and Mind. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/features/hiking-body-mind
    Walking, hiking and running in parks: A multidisciplinary assessment of health and well-being benefits. (2014, July 20). Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204614001480

  4. Lucy Healey
    “When is the best time to hike”
    Discovery conclusion

    The best time to go on a hike is during sunrise on a fall day. Sunrise is the perfect time for many reasons. During sunrise the weather is cooler and the lighting is especially beautiful. Another positive effect of hiking during the sunrise is that there is no danger of the parks closing. Not only will the paths look beautiful but also you will have plenty of time to appreciate them if you would like, because the trails are not as crowded during the early hours of the morning (Soltys 1). Especially if the weather is warmer, such as in the summer, it is best to start the hike early in the morning (Modern hiker).
    In general fall is also a great time to hike, because of the beautiful colors and weather. One of the most irritating aspects of hiking in the spring and summer is the bugs, but in the fall there are very few, if any, bugs (outdoor herbivore blog). Also, for hikers who suffer from aches in the joints or shin splints could enjoy hiking during the fall more because the ground is softer due to the leaves that have fallen onto the trails (Levy 1).
    Hiking in the morning is also especially beneficial to your health. Exercising early in the day will speed up your metabolism (Smith). Also, hiking in the morning will not take away your energy as you might think, but it will give you more mental and physical energy (Smith 1). Although it may be hard to wake up to do early morning exercise it will soon get easier, because participating in this exercise will allow you to sleep much better (Smith 1).

  5. Why is digital storytelling important?

    Digital storytelling is important because it is flexible and has no boundaries when it comes to being used. While developing a your way of digital storytelling it channels your deepest thoughts and emotions not only helping people learn more about the topic but the creator as well. Digital storytelling allows limitless opportunities and is less defined by itself, but more defined by the people who uses it.

    Digital storytelling is important in education because it helps students learn efficiently by allowing them to explore their creativity. Since there are no rules behind digital storytelling students are able to think limitlessly allowing creative thoughts to flow. Also digital storytelling engages students into challenging topics, attacking the topic with digital storytelling gets students thinking critically making things less difficult. In addition, to engagement and creativity students are able to comprehend and contextualize daily lessons. Digital storytelling is important to students learning.

    Digital storytelling is important because it strengthens memories and creates new context. Digital storytelling impacts lives and large groups of people, while also giving the advantage of allowing others to view things from a different perspective. Allowing other to see things from a different perspective is important because it is hard to do. Digital storytelling allows people to understand the world while making others understand as well. Digital storytelling is eye opening and inspiring to the audience and to the creator

    Works Cited
    “The Importance of Digital Storytelling.” Buncee Blog, 11 Feb. 2016,

    Lambert, J. (2013). Digital Storytelling : Capturing Lives, Creating Community. Hoboken:

    McClean, S. T. (2008). Digital storytelling : the narrative power of visual effects in film.
    Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com

  6. Lucy Healey
    Discovery conclusion

    The best time to go on a hike is during sunrise on a fall day. Sunrise is the perfect time for many reasons. During sunrise the weather is cooler and the lighting is especially beautiful. Another positive effect of hiking during the sunrise is that there is no danger of the parks closing. Not only will the paths look beautiful but also you will have plenty of time to appreciate them if you would like, because the trails are not as crowded during the early hours of the morning (Soltys 1). Especially if the weather is warmer, such as in the summer, it is best to start the hike early in the morning (Modern hiker).
    In general fall is also a great time to hike, because of the beautiful colors and weather. One of the most irritating aspects of hiking in the spring and summer is the bugs, but in the fall there are very few, if any, bugs (outdoor herbivore blog). Also, for hikers who suffer from aches in the joints or shin splints could enjoy hiking during the fall more because the ground is softer due to the leaves that have fallen onto the trails (Levy 1).
    Hiking in the morning is also especially beneficial to your health. Exercising early in the day will speed up your metabolism (Smith). Also, hiking in the morning will not take away your energy as you might think, but it will give you more mental and physical energy (Smith 1). Although it may be hard to wake up to do early morning exercise it will soon get easier, because participating in this exercise will allow you to sleep much better (Smith 1).

    Lucy Healey
    Annotative bibliography

    First person records:

    Outdoor Herbivore Blog, https://blog.outdoorherbivore.com/life/when-is-the-best-time-to-go-hiking/(accessed October3, 2018)
    In this blog’s opinion it is best to go during the fall.
    There are less people during the fall.
    There is very nice scenery during the fall.
    There are not as many bugs

    Woolx blog, https://www.woolx.com/blogs/woolx-journal/6-reasons-why-early-mornings-should-be-your-favorite-hiking-time-of-day-draft-in-progress (accesses October 3, 2018)
    Early morning is better because the weather is more temperate.
    Early morning is better because there are less people on the trails allowing you to go your own pace.
    It is safer because there is no risk of it becoming dark.

    Sierra trading post blog, https://www.sierratradingpost.com/blog/hiking/fall-hiking/ (accessed October 3, 2018)
    The ground is not as hard due to the leaves that have fallen onto the ground, this makes it easier to walk and possibly camp.
    Great way to expiriment with layering your clothes, which you will need to master if you wish to hike in the winter.
    The weather during the day during fall is temperate enough that you can wear a t-shirt with shorts.

    Modern Hiker: https://modernhiker.com/9-rules-for-hiking-in-hot-weather/ (accessed October 3, 2018)
    The best time to hike when the weather is warm is early morning
    11am-2pm is the hottest time of the day so an earlier time would be better for hiking

    https://makeyourbodywork.com/benefits-of-morning-exercise/ (accessed October 3, 2018)
    Morning exercise is good for your metabolism
    Gives you more physical and mental energy
    Helps you sleep well at night

  7. Digital storytelling is a short form of media that allows people to tell a story or send a message, with just a few pictures. It is important to be able to effectively and interestingly share the message through the story since it is such a short product. For this inquiry project, I asked the questions: What camera angles are best for digital storytelling? Should there be multiple in the series? These questions focus on the technique that will make a digital story more valuable and interesting.
    After researching about this topic, the answer to the second question was revealed fast. Every single article and story sample had multiple different angles and shots. This keeps the story interesting. I also found, from Darious Britt’s video, that by using different camera angles in a single story, multiple different emotions can be conveyed to the viewer. The first question was a bit more complex. Everyone agreed that multiple camera angles are needed to tell a digital story, but the right ones to use were different in every source. Shivani Reddy says that the combination of a scenic wide angle, a medium portrait and an emotional close portrait, are the best way to tell a story. Other sources, like the PetaPixel article lists many different camera angles and explains how each of these angles show different narratives and that each can be used effectively depending on the story and the photographer’s personal preference.
    When it comes to digital storytelling, it is universal that a series of different angles should be used to effectively share the narrative. The exact angles that should be used are up to the photographer, they should take into account what emotions and narratives they are trying to show and decide what angles would be best.


  8. Christian Mayer
    Professor Erdeljon
    November 14, 2018

    Where is the nicest place to hike?

    The number one most liked, nationally, is Glacier National Park. Named for the remnants of glaciers from the ice age, Glacier National Park is located on the border of Canada and the United States and is often called the “Crown of the Continent” (Gilbert) since it sits at the headwaters of the streams that flow into the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and Hudson Bay. A favorite among hikers, the park features a variety of trails for all skill levels, ranging from the easy Trail of the Cedars to the challenging Grinnell Glacier. What’s more, the park boasts more than 700 lakes, numerous waterfalls and two mountain ranges, “spread across more than 1 million acres” (Pederson) that shelter an array of wildlife. Aside from its breathtaking geological features, it’s also home to a fair amount of history. The Going-to-the-Sun Road – a scenic, 52-mile drive through the park – is a National Historic Landmark and an engineering marvel that offers spectacular views, as well as access to popular hiking trails. Plus, many of the park’s lodges, chalets and hotels were constructed by the Great Northern Railway in the early 20th century and are on the National Register of Historic Places.

    The number one most liked location to hike in Virginia is Hawksbill Mountain. After hiking to This spot, you can get an amazing payoff with panoramic views of the canyon of Linville Gorge Wilderness Area – with the valley floor and Linville River 2,000 ft. below you. On a clear day, you can even see the skyline of Charlotte – about 90 miles away! The strenuous hike climbs about 700 ft. in elevation. It’s definitely one of the best VA hikes near Asheville! “The 360-degree views from the top are some of the most spectacular you’ll find in the North Carolina mountains.” There are several great vantage points on the summit. It’s an amazing spot for a picnic. This rugged summit is adjacent to Table Rock, a similar hike a few miles away. Peak fall color views into the gorge are normally the third week of October.

    The number one most liked hiked in our backyard is the Potomac heritage national scenic trail. The Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail is one of only 11 officially designated National Scenic Trails in the nation, along with the Appalachian and Pacific Crest Trails. The trail runs some 830 miles from the Ohio River Basin to the Chesapeake Bay, but locals can opt for the 10-mile section of trail that winds through McLean and Arlington from Scott’s Run to Roosevelt Island, winding along the Potomac River. Arlington Magazine contributor Sue Eisenfeld describes the trail this way: “In early spring, a mind-blowingly beautiful field of Virginia bluebells follows you through floodplain areas, and in fall, you can find pawpaws, or ‘custard apples,’ a little-known native fruit that George Washington enjoyed for dessert.

    The best place to hike
    1st person accounts:

    “Glacier National Park Press Kit.” National Park Service,www.nps.gov/glac/learn/news/upload/press_quotes.pdf.
    Bill Gilbert likes the fact that this national park does not have a single representative site for it to be well known but instead, it represents the pure beauty of nature

    “John Muir’s Thought on Glacier National Park.” Glacier Bear Retreats, 13 Sept. 2013,
    John Muri explains that this national park is so relaxing because of the Thousands of God’s wild blessings that are poured on you. he states that any stress will be out of your mind and that all burdens or anything else, your body will set free and let go.

    payne, Stephanie. “Glacier National Park Quotes.” Good Reads,http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/glacier-national-park.
    Stephanie Payne states in her quote that the Glacier National Park “in Montana is steadfastly considered to be one of the most beautiful places in the country”. Stefanie stated this in the book “The Great American Roadtrip”.

    2) Case Studies/Examples:
    Reardon, A., et al. “Natural Avalanches and Transportation: A Case Study from Glacier National Park, Montana, USA.” Proceedings of the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, Proceedings of the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, 1 Jan. 1970, arc.lib.montana.edu/snow-science/item/1139.

    Pederson, Gregory T., et al. “Long-Duration Drought Variability and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: A Case Study from Glacier National Park, Montana.” Earth Interactions, Earth Interactions, 2006, pdfs.semanticscholar.org/93c6/3d49b84c6e1d14152dfe0d9e55d5c356fa81.pdf.

    Nguyen, T. (2018). System Dynamics Simulation for Park Management: A Case Study of Glacier National Park, Montana. [online] Research.libraries.wsu.edu. Available at: https://research.libraries.wsu.edu/xmlui/handle/2376/4096 [Accessed 3 Nov. 2018].

    3) Academic journals (i.e. Google Scholar)
    Long-duration Drought Variability and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: A Case Study from Glacier National Park, Montana Gregory Pederson-Stephen Gray-Daniel Fagre-Lisa Graumlich – Earth Interactions – 2006
    Explains how over the summer weather will be. They did some research on it and wrote a journal about it.

    Brett, Melissa. “Glacier Inventories and Change in Glacier National Park.” Jan. 2000, doi:10.15760/etd.6241.
    talks about the animals and how they live. also talks about the variety of animals that live in glacier national park

    “Brochures and Publications.” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, http://www.nps.gov/glac/planyourvisit/brochures.htm.
    this is a journal brochure that lets people know who and what you can find at the park let me know that this park is very well fit for people to travel and hike in.

    4) Experts
    Hall, Myrna H. P., and Daniel B. Fagre. “Article Navigation Modeled Climate-Induced Glacier Change in Glacier National Park, 1850–2100.” Article Navigation Modeled Climate-Induced Glacier Change in Glacier National Park, 1850–2100, American Institute of Biological Science, 1 Feb. 2003, academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/53/2/131/254976.
    Both of the scientist study mountain ecosystem responses to climatic variability, including long-term changes driving glacial retreat, shifting treelines, and high-elevation biodiversity. Takes about methods of research and types of data. At the end of all of this, you will find charts giving numerical data sets.

    talks about a weather expert at the park, who looks at the air and tests it for any negative health affecting air pollutants.

    5) Historical (i.e. Archives, Books)
    “History and Culture.” National Park Service, 24 Sept. 2016, http://www.nps.gov/glac/learn/historyculture/index.htm.
    On this page, there are a lot of pages containing multiple types of informational articles talking about the history and culture of this Glacier. Some things it talks about are the people that used to live there, places to visit or collection of clothes representing the park. This Website belongs to the national park and therefore belongs under this section.

    this is a website where an expert gives ideas of where to go in glacier national park. it is picked by experts who know the right paths for the right people.

  9. My inquiry topic is how exactly a new hiker can learn to enjoy hiking. This is a question that I’ve found to be relatively important as your enjoyment of an activity can help to decide the frequency you do it or how well you do it. As a class that’s centered around hiking it’s very important that the we, the students and participants, are able to enjoy the activities as this keeps moral and willingness to participate high.
    In my research, I found multiple ways to increase the amount you enjoy a hiking and therefore get up the energy to complete a hike.
    One way to increase your enjoyment is to prepare your gear or equipment and choose the right hike to start out with (Hazzard). A major part for people’s lack of willingness to hike and enjoyment in the activity can be linked back to the fact that many beginner hikers choose long hikes paired with poor preparation. When you’re starting out it’s ideal to choose a hike that’s under 5 miles with minimal climbing, it’s also important to choose the right outfit. Ditch the polo shirt and jeans (Hazzard). It’s also a lot easier if you hike in a group, most activities are more fun when you’re with people you like (Hazzard).

  10. Aidan Wallace Cumming Inquiry Question: How to better prepare for a hike?

    I had been through many hikes in my discover class and outside of it. As an Eagle Scout I wondered what the best way was to prepare for a hike as the scout moto is “be prepared.” From the research I gained I learned that the best way to properly prepare for the walk is to pack accordingly for the distance and terrain, perform exercises to train and boost strength to have a superb endurance, and to let others know where you are going.
    Hiking terrain could go from flat and slushy too high in elevation and rocky. It is important to educate oneself on what the terrain will be like and what the weather would be. For example, if it was going to rain it would be wise to bring a poncho as it doesn’t take up much space in a bag but can completely cover the hiker from the rain. In other ways knowing the right shoes to wear could be the difference between comfortable feet and a blister or two. Lastly, the most important is water as being dehydrated will cause the person to suffer from thirst and eventually maybe die if no water could be accessed in time.
    For training it is recommended from one of my sources to do mountain climbers, squats, flutter kicks, scissor kicks, crunches, and walk as well. Exercise are important for building the preparing hikers’ endurance. The more vigorous the hike the more the more reps the hiker should perform for the needed strength needed to complete the hike.
    Finally, it is important to let at least one person know where you’re going. If something were to happen like the hiker got injured and was unable to move or call someone for help the person who received their message depending on how much they care about the hiker would or would not call for help, but most likely will. If the hiker didn’t take the proper precautions they could end up paying the ultimate price.

    “A Beginner’s Guide to Hiking.” Nerd Fitness, 9 July 2018, http://www.nerdfitness.com/blog/hiking/.

    “Essay on Informative Speech about Hiking.” Essay on Informative Speech about Hiking – 1229 Words | Bartleby, http://www.bartleby.com/essay/informative-speech-about-hiking-P3CU3F2KTC.”

    (“Backpacking for Beginners.” REI, http://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/backpacking-beginners.html#choose.)

  11. Anthony Shaphat
    Inquiry question conclusion

    How to stay safe during hiking?

    There are many ways in staying hiking, but the most important one is to tell someone where you are hiking at. There has been many cases where someone went hiking and got lost without telling anyone. I’m sure you seen at least one movie that has featured some of these mistakes. The reason why I put this at the top is simply because even though you have everything to keep you safe and healthy, there is no telling if something might go wrong, this is why I it is good to tell someone before hand to at least someone can find you and help you.

    Make sure you plan ahead, like what kind of clothes you will be wearing or check the weather and see if its a nice sunny day. Things like this can prevent any danger while hiking. It is also very important to stay hydrated, which means bring a ton of water to drink. This is a simple task yet many hikes make this mistake. it may not seem like such a dangerous mistake, but while hiking for a long period of time, this could lead to a heat stroke, losing consciousness or even a heart attack on serious cases. Your body is like a car, it needs gas to drive, same thing with the human body, water keeps you moving and prevent muscle craps.

    During hunting season, it is very easy to mistake a hiker for a deer. This is a very important situation, simply because, some people have last their life. Make sure to wear colors that stand out expect white since this is the same color of a deer’s tail. This can prevent any confusion to the hunter.


  12. Isabella D’Agostino
    Inquiry Topic: How to Maintain Stamina During A Long Hike


    As I began to learn about the topic of hiking and the positive effects it has on a person’s health, I was interested in knowing how to maintain stamina. According to ACTIVE magazine, it’s essential to do short weekly hikes, specifically 3 to 4 times a week. Doing this will help your body adjust to any new terrain you may face, as well as help you build muscle to be able to face more difficult hikes. Moving quickly and making sure to take frequent breaks improves your cardiovascular strength. It’s also important to focus on overall strength which include cardio intervals, lunges, calf-raises, crunches, pushups, etc. The best way to build stamina is to increase the length of your workouts, power hike, climb hills, do circuit workouts using a treadmill, and make sure your body rests 1 day every week. (Soles, 2008).

    Another very important way to maintain stamina is to work on your breathing techniques. Most people without realizing it, breathe the incorrect way and take shallow breaths. “Even if it may not affect you all that much day to day, when you begin to exercise, particularly if you’re heading to higher elevation, taking deeper breaths can help prevent fatigue and keep you pushing up the trail getting more oxygen to your muscles.” (Lindsay, 2018). To improve your breathing technique, one should practice and concentrate on pulling air deep into the lungs with your diaphragm a few times per day. You can check that you are breathing properly by breathing in through your nose and placing your hand against your stomach. Your stomach muscles should be tightened as you exhale.

    The hand on your stomach should be going out; your chest should not be moving. Many long-distance hikers, such as ones that go on the Appalachian Trail, use pack weights. To build endurance, it is also important to determine what your goal is. “Some wanted to relax mentally, get away from the real world, and be close to nature.” Others found it self-fulfilling to challenge themselves and discover a sense of accomplishment.” (Thomas, 2010). “Another study on solo-hiking described that many hikers enjoy setting their own pace and the solitude of being on a hiking trip alone. (Coble, Selin, & Erickson, 2003). All these reasons could early be related to by everyone who take their first steps on the AT, but the real motivation for staying on the trial continuously for months and overcoming the many obstacles hikers face may be more of a mental challenge. As Davis (2012). points out, hikers should continuously remind themselves the reasons for hiking the trail in order to maintain the mental posture for success.”

    Works Cited

    Sanders, Jessica. “3 Simple Ways to Improve Your Hiking Endurance.” ACTIVE.com, Active.com, 10 Nov. 2015, http://www.active.com/outdoors/articles/3-simple-ways-to-improve-your-hiking-endurance.

    Soles, Clyde. “How to Build Hiking Endurance.” Backpacker, Backpacker, 26 Feb. 2008, http://www.backpacker.com/trips/how-to-build-hiking-endurance.


  13. How Long is too Long to Hike?

    Humans have been hiking for many years, walking for hours and hours and only to end the hike when they are super tired. Knowing how long is too long to hike for a individual can help keep someone safe and healthy. There’s a lot of things you must take into consideration when preparing for a hike. For one you have to worry about the weather, it could take one stormy day that can end your hike early. A person’s age can show how long would be beneficial to sustaining a healthy weight. The number of supplies you have, if you are running low and you are on a vigorous trail you should think about turning back.

    When you are about to embark on a long or rigorous trail, there is a lot on training and knowledge that goes behind it. To start off hiking as much as you can it self whelp get your body and mind be more familiar with how hiking works. You don’t have to do a whole lot of lifting, or go to the gym everyday, as long as you stay consistent and do physical activity regularly your in good shape. Another dangerous thing when trying to hike long and difficult trails is post injury. You shouldn’t jump right back to the top of the difficult trials you must warm your body back up to that point.

    Weather plays the most important role when hiking. Depending on the difficulty of your trail things like snow, sleet, ice, thunderstorms, hurricanes etc are all dangerous when hiking and can cause a lot safety issues. If you are no equipped with the right tools to handle these weather conditions you should even think about hiking because of how risky it is. However if you do you should keep these hikes short, and if its a day hike make sure you have some sort of shelter such as a sturdy tent.

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