EN 429 Studies in Performance Rotating Header Image


Film vs. Novel

Warms Bodies, the film and the novel, are two different works and should be perceived as that. They draw many differences for many different reasons. When looking at film, they have a time constraint in which they must follow. They cannot include every aspect of the novel into the film but they can try their best to include what is most important.  When attempting to find what is important to include in the film, they lose a sense of what is important to the reader.

One thing they left out when looking at the film, was the importance of the Boneys and how they rule over the zombies. In the film, the zombies look at the Boney’s and ignore them as they look for their own food to feast on. In the novel, they would build things for the Boney’s and perform rituals with them. In the film, they do not associate themselves with the Boney’s and are a separated group when addressing them. When the zombies start to recover, the Boney’s scare them out but do not exactly kick them out.

Another key part of the novel that they left out of the film was the marriage of R to the zombie women. With the Boney’s not having a major role in the movie, they do not talk about how they construct the marriages and force it upon the zombies. They also left out the fact that he had children in which he took care of. They substituted the fact that he has children with these two zombie kids who happen to appear in scenes they were included in the novel.  An example would be when Julie and him are in the car riding around. We see the two zombie children watching from a distance when in the novel they would be in the backseat trying to bite Julie. The significance of these scenes shows the structure of zombie life but with taking it out, they make R look they have no connection to living anymore. In the novel, the significance of him being married with children shows that they still had human qualities even though they were no longer living.

Looking at both of the scenes, they were important pieces in the novel. Warm Bodies the film does not seem to need any of the scenes they took out because it is an entire different work. They change who Z is in which he appears younger. So if he was married and a father, it would look unusual because he is perceived to be young instead of a business man. Since they cut out the importance of the Boney’s, it fits better for the ending of the movie when Julie’s father survives. The Boney’s do not seem as powerful as they do in the novel. Both scenes they take out are logical for the movie they wanted to produce. It ended up working out for the best in the end.


Work Cited:

 Marion, Isaac. Warm Bodies: A Novel. New York: Atria, 2011. Print.

Warm Bodies. Dir. Jonathan Levine. Summit Entertainment. 2013. Amazon Prime.

American Splendor vs. Marbles

When taking a deeper look into the novel Marbles: Mania, Depression. Michelangelo and Me and American Splendor, both works have one thing in common; they are looking for stability inside their mental illness and their artistic ability. They struggle to find a balance in their own mental state. They differ in how they handle their illnesses and how they have been diagnosed. They also show how they approach their illnesses throughout their own medium. They also share similarities inside how they work through their illnesses. Certain pivotal moments inside their lives are explored and can be related to one another. Within their works, they find a balance between their illness and their creativity.

Marbles expresses the author’s mental illness in a form of a graphic novel. Ellen Forney, who is known for being a cartoonist, shows her roughest years after finding out she has bipolar disorder.  She shows her disorder loud and clear from the moment she is introduced to it. As the reader is first introduced to the novel, Ellen’s personality is the first thing we notice. She is impulsive and out of control. In her first moments, the reader gets a glimpse into how her mind works. She gets an abnormal amount of ideas in which she has to write it down just to keep up with her own thoughts. The second she is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, she spells it out with bold letters and underlines it. It also expresses her personality because she is a bold person who wants to be noticed. The reader gets a glimpse into her mania and her depression. She is not the same person we are introduced to in the beginning of the novel. Her drawings are less elaborate and creative. Her drawings become simple to express how she experiences depression. Forney shows us how she is dealing with her own mental illness and the struggles of everyday life. In the end of the novel, we see Ellen come to terms with her mental illness. She has accepted that this is a part of who she is and it will most likely never change who she is.

In the introduction of American Splendor, we see the introduction of a cynical child who is Harvey Pekar. He is soon turning into the sad adult who is walking the streets of Ohio. He has a grimace look on his face and does not look like he enjoys life. Throughout the film, the real life Harvey Pekar makes appearances throughout the film to tell his side of the story and give his thoughts on certain scenes. His face has a look of contentment when he is speaking. We also see other people such as his Wife Joyce and his friend Toby. They also give their own thoughts on the scenarios in film and the comics that they were included in. Mental illness on film can be hard to decipher through because it is not said but only shown. Throughout American Splendor, we had to examine Harvey’s personality and self-diagnose him as having depression. The viewers see Harvey Pekar going through depression but his comics arise from him being an average man. His works do not seem to stop when he is going through a phase of his depression. We see his mental illness being partially on film from when the women in his life leave him. He is dependent on them for his own happiness. Toward the end of the film, he says that his life is no sunny ending and that his life is still full of chaos. He seems to come to terms with his life and we even see the real Harvey Pekar at his retirement party surrounded by friends and family and he has a smile on his face.

When juxtaposing Marbles and American Splendor, there are two different mediums being used to express mental illness. Ellen Forney takes the approach to make a graphic novel. Harvey Pekar does as well make a graphic novel in his hard years but it is also displayed on screen. Harvey also does not go and get diagnosed by a doctor for depression. Ellen does get diagnosed and regularly sees her physicist. She also experiences mania in which she mistakes for her personality. Harvey experiences downs in which can be mistaken for his personality.

The works collide together by both being pieces on disorder. Both Harvey and Ellen are artistic people dealing with a mental illness. Ellen who is just finding out about her mental illness has a moment where her work is being interrupted by her illness. She cannot seem to get out of bed and when she is pushed to perform, her work she does not find enjoyment in it. When Harvey is finding out he has cancer, Joyce has to push him to do this comic book about his cancer years. They also collide with their personality being a part of their disorder.  One can mistake their disorder for being their personality.

Both Ellen Forney and Harvey Pekar are experiencing a mental illness. They share similarities and differences in how they look at their illness. Either way, they both deal with an illness and there is not one way that is valid over another to deal with it. They both conquer their illness and make it their own. They come to terms with their illness and those around them seem to except it with ease. They move on with obstacles and continue to do what they love most.

Work Cited:

American Splendor. Dir. Shari Berman and Robert Pulcini. 2003. Youtube.

Forney, Ellen. Marbles: Mania, Depression, Michelangelo, and Me: A Graphic Memoir. New York: Gotham, 2012. Print.

Stigma & Disease

For my research project, I would like to parallel the stigma inside Audre Lorde’s Cancer Journals and Jennie Livingston’s Paris is Burning. Both works deal with the issues of being a minority and encountering a prominent illness. They were forced into forming their own communities because they had to avoid the stigma with their sexuality and their disease. In result of forming one community, they were devastated by HIV/AIDS.  With another community, being devastated by cancer. Both works being different but having a common outlook on stigma and disease.

Warm Bodies

Warm Bodies tells the story of the dead living and trying to feed their hunger through those who are also just trying to stay alive. The story circles through the thoughts of a conscious zombie who has a vivid mind but a blurred speech. The only thing he can remember of his past is the first letter of his name is R. He travels and hunts with a group of other zombies in which he meets the first human he wants to save. When eating her boyfriends brain, he starts to develop the same feelings the boyfriend previously had. With those feelings, he saves Julie and decides to get to know her with fighting the urge to eat her. As we observe the relationship between R and Julie, it becomes complex and unheard of. He protects her and looks out for her with no reasoning behind it.Julie and R’s relationship show the stigma behind an illnesses/diseases as someone who is infected and someone who is not.

One scene that shows an allegory for contagion and disease is the scene between Julie and R in the restaurant. Julie says, “You never done this before, have you? Taken a human home alive?” (Marion 42). R then says, “I shake my head apologetically, but I wince at her use of the word “human”. I’ve never liked that differentiation. She is Living and I’m Dead, but I’d like to believe we’re both human. Call me an idealist.”(Marion 42). In this scene, Julie sees herself as entitled because she is not one of the dead. She no longer calls him human, even though he is a human who no longer possesses life. Sometimes people are not infected with a disease or illness do not have a similar outlook to those who do. They may not say they are not “human” but they do treat them as if they are beneath them because of their illness. Even though he shows human characteristics such as compassion and kindness, she cannot get past the disease/illness that has taken over his body. This reminds me of how those with HIV/AIDS were treated in the essay Death Before Dying. In the article, it shows how people who are infected with  HIV/AIDS are treated as a burden and not as a human but as a corpse. This can be compared to how Julie sees R. She only sees his corpse and not his human qualities. She only sees the disease like those who are not infected in Africa saw the HIV/AIDS in those they once called their friends or family members.

As the story progresses, Julie sees beyond the disease and has close run ins with it when coming in contact with R. She no longer lets the thought of R being a zombie get in her way of interacting with R. She lets the stigma go and she starts to see him as a human. Stigma can break relationships when there is not an understanding of what is happening. Uncertainties are what surround stigma and those who are encountering the disease. If no one knows things about a disease they tend to take caution.  Overall, once the fear of the disease is not a main concern then people are open to the person behind the disease.

Work Cited:

Marion, Isaac. Warm Bodies: A Novel. New York: Atria, 2011. Print.

Niehaus, Isak. “Death before Dying: Understanding AIDS Stigma in the South African Lowveld.” Journal of Southern African Studies .2007.Web

Pekar, Forney & Mental Illness

American Splendor starts off with an image of children trick-or-treating in which they are all dressed as super heroes with the exception of one. They arrive at an unknown woman’s home where she acknowledges every single child. As the women approaches Harvey, she ask who who Harvey is in which he replies, Harvey Pekar. She does not recognize the name and he says it is himself in a cynical voice. As he walks through the street, he changes into an older man who in which is the same as the cynical child. He has a snide look on his face as he walks down the Cleveland streets. We are then introduced to Harvey Pekar, as his wife leaves him and he is losing his voice. This is the first images of his depression on film. We see his mundane life as a file clerk in progress. The viewer interacts with his coworkers which soon become his inspiration for his comic books.

When it comes to comparing Forney to Pekar, they have more differences than similarities. Forney finds that her personality is a disorder in a counseling session with a psychiatrist.  Pekar is never diagnosed with clinical depression but more so self diagnosed by those around him. His comics were showing his everyday life. Pekar did not focus his comics around his clinical depression but he still showcased it as a part of him without doing it on purpose. Forney on the other hard made Marbles to discuss her mental illness and shed light on her years of coping with it. Pekar and Forney both shed light on there mental illnesses but in different ways. Pekar is more subtle about his mental illness and makes the viewer unsure if he is encountering his own depression. He never comes out and says he has depression but the viewer can assume by viewing his life. In Marbles, the reader is always constantly reminded that Forney has bipolar disorder. The viewer has to figure out Pekar’s mental illness and use hints.

Even though Pekar does not come out and say he has clinical depression, the viewer sees it as the movie progresses. Pekar falls into the depression from the very beginning of the movie. According to Finally, it’s chic to have the blues: Film based on life of Harvey Pekar sparks new interest in mental health, “Depressives are often seen as life’s losers, and that’s how Pekar depicts himself. Viewers of the film version of American Splendor will likely be moved as well as amused, but that can be harder for readers of his comics (recently reprinted by Ballantine in a thick paperback). Readers may have trouble getting past his weepy self-assessment. Those who know Winnie the Pooh will see Pekar as a cantankerous version of Eeyore. He’s a moper, a sulker, a whiner, a grouch, and a sad sack. His life amounts to a catalogue of grievances” (Fulford). As Fulford points out in this article, the image of Pekar is the look of depression. We as the viewer know Pekar is not happy with his life until he starts writing comics. Even while writing comics, he has a decline in happiness and resorts back into his depression. He is dependent on Joyce who then wants to adventure out.When she leaves, we see him fall back into a deep depression until she comes back home.

Pekar portrays the everyday man in his comics but also a man who encounters his own battles of mental illness. Most people go through depression spouts in there life without being diagnosed. He shows the life that average day people can relate to in his comics. He has mental illness that surround his job, his relationships and his comics. American Splendor does not showcase the happiest parts of Pekar’s life but it shows that he is human. The film ends with him saying that he still has ups and downs in his life but he is content with the ways things are as of now. He still fights with his wife and Danielle can be annoying but this is his life and he enjoys it.


Work Cited:

American Splendor. Dir. Shari Berman and Robert Pulcini. 2003. Youtube.

Forney, Ellen. Marbles: Mania, Depression, Michelangelo, and Me: A Graphic Memoir. New York: Gotham, 2012. Print.

Fulford, Robert.Finally, It’s Chic to Have the Blues: Film Based on Life of Harvey Pekar Sparks New Interest in Mental Health. The National Post, 26 Aug. 2003. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.


Graphic Novel & Mental Illness

Marbles tells the story of Ellen Forney, who is just finding out that her strong personality is connected to a mental illness. The graphic novel is told through sets of frames of her life and those she encounters. She deals with friends and family as she reveals to them she is bipolar. The novel also shows her ups and downs with the disorder and her experiment with different drugs to stabilize her emotions. With her attempting to stabilize her different emotions, she looses her creativity along the way.   With the help of different images, the reader can get an insight into her disorder and how she copes with different situations.

Upon finding out Forney has a mental illness, we are introduced to her personality which can be described as over the top. In the beginning of the novel, she is coming up with an elaborate tattoo that she wants to get. She has so many thoughts that she cannot contain it and finds herself writing them down in a notepad every time she gets an idea. When Forney is being told the symptoms to her disorder she finally comes to the conclusion that her personality may be flawed. Forney says, “My personality reflected a disorder shared by a group of people” (Forney 19).  With her saying this, she does not see her illness as an illness but who she is as a person.

The main frame that shows her disability to her advantage is the party she has for everyone who was seven in ‘75. She is over the top and doing a lot of things at once. She also has no concern for how much she is spending. These are signs of her mental illness but also she uses it to her advantage. She is the life of the party and keeping everyone entertained.

In a similar frame to the one above, the reader sees Forney struggle with her mental illness. She attempts to throw another seven in ‘75 party like the one she previously does but her disorder is holding her back and creating anxiety and doubts. She is nervous and wants to go home instead of performing. This event shows the lower part of Forney’s life and how she encounters her downs versus her highs.

As a reader, one can observe a mental disorder through Forney’s story. With it being a graphic novel, the reader can see pictures of how the author went through different phases of her bipolar disorder which helped. The story was strongly impacted due to the visual cues of the artist. What also helped was knowing that Forney is an artist and having those visual pictures she drew during her down days. Seeing how she sees herself was important and made an impact on how her mental illness affected her passions directly.


Angels in America and Stigma

In the film, Angels in America, stigma affects some of the main characters such as Roy Cohn and Prior Walter. These two characters are living with AIDS/HIV throughout the film and are shown at pivotal moments in their life. Stigma follows these characters throughout the movies and encounters their everyday life. Susan Sontag article, AIDS and Its Metaphor, brings up how certain groups are stigmatized and the roots of where stigma originated from.

When first introduced to the character Prior, on the outside he looks to be a normal white male with no major illness. The viewer meets him at the Louis grandmother’s funeral. Prior tells Louis that he is HIV positive and that his lesion is not skin cancer related. Louis goes into a meltdown and takes the news worse than Prior does. Louis is not known to stick around when it comes to those who fall terminally ill. When Prior turns terminally ill, Louis exists out of his life for good. The stigma being a main reason for driving their relationship apart. Louis does not want to be apart of something.

Roy is briefly showed throughout the film but has a prominent place in the story line. He is a closeted New York lawyer who is infected with AIDS. He is in denial about his diagnosis and claims that he has lung cancer. With him being in the closet, he does not want to claim AIDS because he does not want to claim that he is a homosexual. One reason behind him not claiming AIDS or being homosexual is the stigma that travels with both the disease and his sexual orientation.

Sontag focuses in on the basis of stigma and marginalization with different diseases and illnesses. She says the fear that comes with certain disease are from how serious the disease is and the mortality rate. With AIDS, the stigma that followed the deadly disease was that mostly homosexual males are infected by this. This stigma made it more difficult for homosexual men and for others. According to Sontag, “From the beginning the construction of the illness had depended on notions that separated one group of people away from another- the sick from the well, people with ARC from people with AIDS, them and us-while implying the imminent dissolution of these distinctions. Those who they think may be in the safe category believed that they had better chances of not catching AIDS/HIV because they were not homosexual. This ignorance and stigma led to many infections because people did not feel apart of that category.

When it comes to Angels in America, stigma affected a lot of choices of the characters who had  HIV/AIDS and those who were involved with the characters. If stigma of the deadly disease did not exist then people would not be afraid to continue their lives after being diagnosed. They would also be able to educate themselves on if they have the disease and get help. Fear and stigma are closely related because everyone is afraid of death.

Work Cited:

Angels in America. Dir. Mike Nichols. 2003. DVD.

Sontag, Susan. “AIDS and Its Metaphors.” 153-57. Web.

Death Before Dying

In the article Death Before Dying, the focus is on the AIDS epidemic in South Africa. It also centers in on the misconceptions the natives have on how AIDS/HIV is caught and should be dealt with. Niehaus also talks about the stigma that leads to more infections and the feeling of death before being dead. The article sets off with the story of George Bila and his experience with the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Bila became very ill and went to the hospital in which he was mistreated by the staff and sent home. When he went home, his family that was suppose to be taking care of him also mistreated him and left him to die. They would not clean up his feces and they only provided him with one glass of water a day. Finally his sister was angered by his mistreatment and she started to help him as much as she could since he had helped her with college payments. As the article continues, many stories are shared similar to George Bila.

Those who have contracted AIDS/HIV are usually shunned away from their families/friends and are treated as they are already dead which coined the title of this article. Niehaus says, “I observe that persons with AIDS are symbolically located in an anomalous domain between life and death, and are literally seen as ‘corpses that live’ (setopo sa gopela) or as persons who are ‘dead before dying’” (Niehaus 848). The people in South Africa are unaware on the ways of how to effectively catch AIDS/HIV to the point that they do not like to get close to those who have it. They fail to realize the only way to contract the disease is through blood transfusions and unprotected sex. So when teaching the masses, they do not preach safe sex and abstinence. It is not part of the culture because they frown upon men who are not sexually active. Men who are sexually active are not  aware of contraception which then leads to AIDS/HIV.

In Angels in America Prior and the people of South of Africa have something in common which is  after the ones they love find out they have the disease, they slowly abandon them. One thing that would be different about Angels in America and Death Before Dying is that they are in two different countries and have two separate cultures. How AIDS/HIV are handled in America and Africa are far from being the same. Treatment is available and those who have been affected can get the medicine they need with privacy. They also do not have to worry about being stoned to death when they declare that they have AIDS/HIV such as a women in South Africa. In America, the stigma is not as heavy with HIV/AIDS as it  is in Africa. People can get the help they need without the backlash.

When looking at the stigma that came with having an incurable disease, Dead before Dying shed a lot of light on how people handle those who are dying. Those with the disease become an inconvenience to those who do not have it. Those who are not threatened with the disease almost wait for those who do to die.  The reaction of those who are cleared of the disease can treat the people with it as a burden and decide to walk away. The person with the disease cannot walk away and have to deal with their fate that their death may come sooner than expected. The stigma also follows which can lead those to not getting treated, tested and caring for their love ones when they are affected.

Work Cited:

Kushner, Tony. Angels in America. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1996. Print.

Niehaus, Isak. “Death before Dying: Understanding AIDS Stigma in the South African Lowveld.” Journal of Southern African Studies. 2007.Web

Cancer Unit Ending

Optimism is the central devise used in The Fault in Our Stars and can be seen throughout W;t. The viewer sees optimism as way of coping for some of the main characters in The Fault in Our Stars such as Gus and Hazel’s parents. When reading W;t, optimism can be seen through Dr. Kelekian and Jason because they have high hopes for this new experiment they are testing on Vivian. The main thing W;t and The Fault in Our Stars share is the fact that their protagonist lacks optimism. Vivian and Hazel both encounter people who are optimistic of their current state but they are not optimistic. These two works both deal with cancer and optimism but approach it in different ways due to different circumstances and different people they encounter.

In The Fault in Our Stars, Hazel starts off as a pessimistic teenager who lets her cancer define who she is. She is aware that death is highly likely in her case. She lets the cancer consume her life. Her parents are optimistic that she will make it out alive because she has made it this far even when she could have died at thirteen. Their optimism does not bring her to an optimistic stand point. She then meets Gus, who shows her that there is more to life than just her cancer. He shows her the exciting parts of life she had been missing due to putting herself in isolation. In the end, when Gus has passed away, she has evolved into a new person. She is optimistic for her parents because she knows they can survive once she is gone. She also wants to carry on the legacy of Gus so that he can be remembered.

W;t starts off with Vivian recalling when she found out she has cancer. Dr. Kelekian encourages her to take the route of doing a full dose of chemotherapy to tackle her aggressive cancer. Dr. Kelekian shows optimism as he says, “This treatment is the strongest thing we have to offer you. And, as research, it will make a significant contribution to our knowledge” (Edson11). He is optimistic that this treatment will not only work for Vivian but go on to help further research for the cure to this specific cancer. As the play progresses, Susie is one character who tells Vivian the truth that her survival is not likely and what she is going through is more complicated than what it seems. Vivian decides against being full code because she does not want to “complicate the matter” (Edson 68). By the end of the play when Vivian dies and Jason tries to perform CPR and calls a team to revive her, Susie tells him no. He yells at Susie, that Vivian is research which is his only real reason for attempting to save her.

When reading The Cancer Journals by Audre Lorde, she handles cancer in a different light then how Hazel and Vivian. She shows cancer as a battle she is going to conquer and overcome. She shows a realistic view because she is not a fictional character who is dealing with breast cancer. Lorde shows an optimistic view from the beginning to the end of her treatment. When comparing Vivian, Hazel and Lorde, she feels the sense of isolation. Lorde goes through isolation in her own community because there are not many black lesbian women who are dealing with cancer. In that moment of isolation, Lord does not lose her sense of optimism. As the journal continues she regains her sense of hopefulness. She says, “I am not supposed to exist. I carry death around in my body like a condemnation. But I do live” (Lorde 11). Vivian goes through an actual isolation where if someone was to come into contact with her then she would be at risk. Then Hazel puts herself in her own isolation because she does not want to be around people.

When looking at those who have cancer or being affected by someone going through cancer; there is no right or wrong way to react. Everyone is different and going to react to cancer in their own specific way. Optimism is usually thrown at those who have cancer as a coping device. But through reading different works like W;t and viewing The Fault in Our Stars, it is not an option that someone must take. In W;t, Vivian was not exactly optimistic or pessimistic. She just avoided her cancer through her poetry. Every time she would enter chemotherapy, she would think back to Donne and his holy sonnets. The Fault in Our Stars showed that people can change your views on the world. Hazel evolved as a character to someone who is more optimistic and overall happy. There is not one right way to handle cancer.


Work Cited:

Edson, Margaret. W;t. London: Nick Hern. 1999. Print.

Lorde, Audre. “Introduction.” The Cancer Journals. Argyle, NY: Spinsters, Ink 1980. 7-15. Print.

The Fault in Our Stars. Dir. Josh Boone. Amazon Instant Video, 2014. DVD.

And The Band Played On

And The Band Played On starts off with this image of a deserted African village. Where two white men appear who seem to be puzzled by the abandoned village just as the viewers are. The next person we are introduced to is this young boy who shows them to the doctor they were looking for. We then not only find the doctor but other deceased villagers who lay in a circle. A voice is heard and the doctors go to investigate. He finds a dying women laying on the floor. He grabs her bloody hand in which he struggles to let go when she is in her last moments of death. When she is finally dead, he looks at his hand and he is soon hunted by this image throughout the movie. The viewer is then informed that the plague that has taken the people of the village out is ebola. Luckily, it is contained before reaching outside of Africa. Throughout the film, ebola is used to foreshadow what is soon to come.

When AIDS break out in the gay community, the CDC is confused to what it is and how it is caught. They think of it as a gay cancer in which only gay men can catch. When comparing it to ebola, the disease is not biased against any gender. As the disease begins to spread throughout the gay community, it starts to affect the larger population. The CDC starts to figure out that this disease is sexually transmitted and can also be transmitted through blood. Even though the CDC is aware that this is a possible way of contracting AIDS, finding the proof to back up their claims is a challenge.

With the breakout of AIDS/HIV, a stigma comes along with contracting the deadly disease that is exhibited throughout the film. According to Stigma, HIV and AIDS: an exploration and elaboration of a stigma trajectory, Individuals are devalued less because they display attributes that violate accepted standards than because some communities have chosen to call certain attributes deviant (Alonzo, Reynolds 304). In the film, one of the main concerns of the gay community was the stigma that could come along with the disease. The gay community then expressed that they were already disliked and did not want to be further blamed for something they had no control over.

As the film progresses, it is soon show that this is not only a gay disease. Those who go in for a normal procedure that deal with blood transfusions come out with HIV/AIDS. This alarms the people of the CDC and they try to attempt to get the red cross and other blood donation organizations to test the blood but due to the cost they decline. The number of fatalities begins to increase before they begin to take the CDC serious. Without the help of the organizations, HIVAIDS was not able to be contained and taken care of solely such as ebola was.

With how HIV/AIDS is dealt with now and how it was dealt with in the eighties when it first occurred is a great difference. In the film, they portray the epidemic as something that was not taken serious among doctors and big corporations. As the disease grew, more people were being affected and the people who needed to take it serious were avoiding the issue. Finally as the disease arose and people became aware of what was happening, the people in charge made it to where no one would catch the disease by transfusion. They also made the media aware that this was a disease that not only gay men were able to catch but anyone engaging in sexual activities or swapping dirty needles. With making people aware to this disease and stopping blood transfusions with infected blood, no one person can be blame for not being aware. As being portrayed on film, the epidemic ends with no cure but a sense of awareness. People know have an awareness that a deadly disease is occurring and no one is safe.

Work Cited:

And the Band Played on. Dir. Roger Spottiswoode. 1993. DVD.

Alonzo, Angelo A., and Nancy R. Reynolds. “Stigma, HIV and AIDS: An Exploration and Elaboration of a Stigma Trajectory.” Social Science & Medicine 41.3 (1995): 303-15. Web.

Skip to toolbar