Albert Camus was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He was born on November, 7th 1913 in Algeria which was a French colony at the time. His mother, Catherine Hélène Sintès Camus, was French with Spanish-Balearic ancestry. His father, Lucien Camus, was a poor French agricultural worker who died during World War I. Camus never knew him. Camus, his mother and other relatives lived without many basic material possessions during his childhood in the Belcourt section of Algiers. His paternal grandfather, along with many others of his generation, had moved to Africa for a better life during the first decades of the 19th century. His identity and his poor background had a substantial effect on his later life. Nevertheless, Camus was a French citizen, thus, had associated privileges that in contrast the Arab or Berber inhabitants of Algeria did not have.
Concerning his education, Camus was quite a good student and was admitted to the University of Algiers, where he studied philosophy and played goalie for the soccer team. However, in 1930, his first of several severe attacks of tuberculosis put an end to his sporting career and interrupted his studies. By 1936, he had obtained undergraduate and graduate degrees in philosophy. Camus was particularly influenced by one of his teachers, Jean Grenier, who helped him to develop his literary and philosophical ideas.
Later, Camus joined the French Communist Party (PCF) in early 1935, but left it a year later. During the World War II, he started working as a journalist and editor of the banned newspaper Combat, a famous Resistance journal. Paradoxically, he became strongly critical of authoritarian communism, especially in the case of the Soviet regime, which he considered dictatorial. Camus rebuked Soviet their decision to call total servitude freedom. He considered himself as a libertarian socialist. He claimed the USSR was not socialist, and the United States was not liberal. His fierce critique of the USSR caused him to clash with others on the political left, most notably with his friend Jean-Paul Sartre. Also, a writer but who experience sympathy for the Soviet communism. (link)
In the afternoon on January 4, 1960, after spending the holidays in Provence, France, Michel Gallimard, his friend and publisher’s nephew, offered Camus to take advantage of his car, a Facel Vega to go back to Paris. For some reason, 65 miles from Paris, in the small town of Villeblevin, Michel lost control of the vehicle and went into a tree. Albert Camus died instantly while Michel Gallimard died five days later. The car was completely destroyed. Gallimard’s wife, Janine, and daughter, Anne were also in the car but were not seriously injured. The police later noted that the road was straight, not icy or even wet and Gallimard had not been speeding. (link)
The police found a train ticket in Camus’s pocket. In fact, his wife, Francine, and their teenage twins, Catherine and Jean, had traveled to Paris by train, but evidently, Gallimard had convinced Camus to ride with his family. They also found 144 pages of handwritten manuscript which was supposed to be Camus’ finest work as predicted by himself. This manuscript was later edited and published as The First Man (“le premier homme” in French) in 1995 by Camus’s daughter Catherine (link)
According to ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA, “many years after the crash, conspiracy theories began to develop. The an Italian newspaper in 2011, stated that the KGB, the Soviet security agency, had caused the crash. This was based on remarks by Giovanni Catelli, an Italian writer, who noticed something strange in a book the diary of Jan Zábrana, a Czech poet.” And Zábrana stated, “I heard something very strange from the mouth of a man who knew lots of things and had very informed sources.” According to him, the accident that had cost Albert Camus his life was organised by Soviet spies by damaging a tire on the car. The diary entry claimed that as a response to “an article published in Franc-tireur in March 1957,” in which Camus had denounced the Shepilov Massacres of 1956 in Hungary, the Soviet foreign minister, at that time, Dmitri Shepilov had personally given the order to kill Camus. However, scholars and biographers of Camus have rejected these claims.