Franco Moretti begins the second chapter of Graphs, Maps, Trees by posing the following question: “Do maps add anything to our knowledge of literature?”(35). I would vehemently argue that yes, they do. Specifically, they enable the student/reader to be able to comprehend and theorize about the text in a new, deeper, and more meaningful way. As Moretti himself acknowledges, when you read a book, you are able to imagine the locale. However, if you take that information further, and proceed to organize it visually in terms of a map, then as Moretti notes, “everything changes”(36). Patterns begin to emerge that were not readily apparent in the text. For example, to use the Mitford text that Moretti examines, what had been understood as linear narrative space suddenly becomes circular, as seen in his illustration:
Over the past few days I have experimented with two new DH tools (new to me, anyway), namely Timeline JS and GoConqr. Both of these tools would be valuable assets in a variety of college classrooms, but my focus here is specifically on how I could utilize them in a literature or writing class. As an instructor, I know that the more I am able to specifically tailor my course content, the more interesting it will be to my students. Likewise, the more agency students are able to have in terms of their own learning, the more successful they will be in terms of knowledge acquisition. I found that both Timeline and GoConqr were relatively easy programs to use, adapt, and connect to various topics.
I recently read an article in The New Yorker by Jill Lepore, entitled “It’s Still Alive: Two Hundred Years of “Frankenstein.” Using some key dates and information from Lepore’s article, along with the addition of some basic biographical information, I decided to experiment with the Timeline JS program. That program allows users to create a new timeline using an existing Google Spreadsheet template that they provide, so it is quite simple to manipulate. Students could utilize this program individually, or in groups, to create presentations to share with the class. Once the data and supplemental images are input into the spreadsheet, it is a simple process to input the link into the Timeline JS program and publish the timeline. Here is a link to a sample timeline that I created (note: I plan to continue to expand this timeline with more information, but for the moment have limited this sample timeline to some basic dates and biographical information about Shelley’s life):
Unlike Timeline JS, which is solely for creating timelines, GoConqr is a much more dynamic suite of tools that enables students and instructors to create various type of content and learning aids such as slide sets, mind maps, flashcards, and even quizzes. I used it to create two sample slides that I have linked here, the first of which contains the embedded article by Lepore, and the second of which contains the full page artwork that accompanied her article:
Another thing that makes GoConqr particularly valuable is that it is also available as an app for cell phones. As an instructor, I could easily embed PDFs for my students and they could read them virtually anywhere, making coursework more accessible to all. Students could also create their own study materials, and could easily collaborate on group projects as well.
Moretti concludes his Maps chapter by noting that he has “made maps/diagrams of fictional worlds, where the real and the imaginary coexist in varying, often elusive proportions”(63). Such visualizations, particularly when created by students themselves, enable them to move beyond a superficial understanding of the text and to be actively involved in their own learning. Web 2.0 tools such as Timeline JS and GoConqr would enable students to do precisely that, in ways far greater than Moretti could have even begun to conceptualize when he first published Graphs, Maps, Trees in 2005. (662)